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Observations of the OH radical in comet C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) with the Nançay radio telescope

Gérard, E. and Crovisier, J. and Colom, P. and Biver, N. and Bockelée-Morvan, D. and Rauer, H. (1998) Observations of the OH radical in comet C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) with the Nançay radio telescope. Planetary and Space Science, 46 (5), pp. 569-577.

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The 18-cm lines of the OH radical were monitored in C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) with the Nançay radio telescope between March 1 and May 18, 1996. Besides providing regular measurements of the water production rate, the C/1996 B2 campaign was useful to test and improve existing models of the OH density, excitation and transfer because the comet passed successively close to the Earth and close to the Sun. At the time of closest approach to Earth, a rough mapping was made by observing at offset positions several beamwidths (3.5') from the nucleus together with the centre position. The OH line intensity at the centre was comparable to those at offset positions, providing direct evidence for collisional quenching of the OH maser in the inner coma. After removing the Greenstein effect, the line profiles suggest a slight excess outgassing towards the Sun. We were able to detect the OH satellite lines at 1612 and 1721 MHz. A weak Zeeman splitting of the 1667 and 1665 MHz transitions was observed corresponding to an avera line-of-sight magnetic field in the range +5 to +10 nT.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/10521/
Document Type:Article
Additional Information: LIDO-Berichtsjahr=1999,
Title:Observations of the OH radical in comet C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) with the Nançay radio telescope
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Gérard, E.Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, Meudon, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Crovisier, J.Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, Meudon, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Colom, P.Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, Meudon, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Biver, N.Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, USAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bockelée-Morvan, D.Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, Meudon, FranceUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Planetary and Space Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 569-577
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):UNSPECIFIED
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Institut für Planetenerkundung
Deposited By: Pieth, Susanne
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005
Last Modified:14 Jan 2010 15:44

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