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Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems for Maritime Surveillance

Schmitt, Dirk-Roger and Morlang, Frank and Hesselink, Henk H. (2015) Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems for Maritime Surveillance. Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongreß 2015, 22.-24. September 2015, Rostock.

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Abstract

Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) gain increasing interest and use for civil applications. However, regulation for integration in airspace is not harmonised in Europe. Also flying beyond the line of sight (BLOS) is only possible by use of command & control communication through a reliable relay system. The ESA project DESIRE (Demonstration of Satellites Enabling the Insertion of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems in Europe), investigated to fly an RPAS as IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) traffic within national borders in controlled, non-segregated airspace by communication link via satellites. A real-time man-in-the-loop simulation environment has been set-up, where real air traffic controllers, a real pilot (for other traffic), and a pilot at an RPAS ground control station (GCS) participated to evaluate the concept. Several representative scenarios were evaluated, including emergency situations. Also the additional work load brought to air traffic controllers was investigated using the NASA TLX method. We have shown that integration of RPAS in controlled airspace is a feasible concept. Air traffic controllers indicated that control of the RPAS did not differ significantly from control of other, manned aircraft, although at the beginning a slightly increased workload was observed. We have also demonstrated that RPAS emergency procedures can be designed equivalent to those of manned aircraft, such that the air traffic controller will understand and is able to predict the behaviour of the RPAS in several loss-of-satellite-communication situations. The simulations paved the way for real flight demonstrations with a Male RPAS in non-segregated airspace for maritime surveillance missions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/103421/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Poster)
Title:Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems for Maritime Surveillance
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schmitt, Dirk-RogerAT-One/DLRUNSPECIFIED
Morlang, FrankAT-One/DLRUNSPECIFIED
Hesselink, Henk H.AT-One/NLRUNSPECIFIED
Date:September 2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:RPAS, Missionsplanung, Maritime Sicherheit, ATM Integration
Event Title:Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongreß 2015
Event Location:Rostock
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:22.-24. September 2015
Organizer:Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt - Lilienthal-Oberth e.V. - DGLR
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Efficient Flight Guidance
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Flight Control
Deposited By: Schmitt, Dr.-Ing. Dirk-Roger
Deposited On:30 Aug 2016 11:43
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:00

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