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A Tracer Gas Leak Rate Measurement Method for Circular Air Circuits

Tiddens, Arne and Röger, Marc and Stadler, Hannes and Hoffschmidt, Bernhard (2016) A Tracer Gas Leak Rate Measurement Method for Circular Air Circuits. Flow Measurement and Instrumentation (47), pp. 45-53. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2015.12.001 ISSN 0955-5986

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955598615300443

Abstract

Qualitative measurements of leaks in air flows are frequently conducted in engineering. However, an environmentally friendly leak rate measurement technique which yields quantitative results and is applicable to hot, large-scale circular air flows (≈10 kg/s; ≈ 700 °C) with high leak rates has not been presented yet. This paper describes the development, test and validation of a stationary and a dynamic, helium based tracer gas method on a lab-scale model of a solar air receiver with partial air recirculation. Helium is chosen as tracer gas since it is environmentally friendly, stable under high temperatures and is also cheap for large-scale air flows. The tracer gas is injected either continuously or intermittently into the model system, its concentration is measured using a mass spectrometer and the static or dynamic concentration response of the system is used to determine the leak rate. The stationary method needs two measurement points upstream and downstream the leak, the dynamic method only one measurement point if applied to a circular air flow system. Since the dynamic method is time dependent the transfer function of the measurement setup was determined and the dynamic measurement error was considered. An extensive uncertainty analysis is presented for both the stationary and the dynamic method. Exemplary measurements were conducted at the model system with very good results. Both dynamic and static measurements yield the same result within their confidence intervals. The leak rate of the solar receiver model with a mass flow rate of View the MathML sourceṁin=(0.247±0.008)/kgs was measured to be lstat=(36.1±2.3)%lstat=(36.1±2.3)% and ldyn=(34.5±3.6)%ldyn=(34.5±3.6)% with the static and the dynamic method respectively.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/101392/
Document Type:Article
Title:A Tracer Gas Leak Rate Measurement Method for Circular Air Circuits
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Tiddens, Arnearne.tiddens (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Röger, Marcmarc.roeger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Stadler, Hanneshannes.stadler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hoffschmidt, Bernhardbernhard.hoffschmidt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:March 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Flow Measurement and Instrumentation
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2015.12.001
Page Range:pp. 45-53
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0955-5986
Status:Published
Keywords:Air return ratio; Tracer gas; Circular tracer; Leak rate; Solar air receiver; Air receiver; Measurement technique; Dynamic mass spectroscopy
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Energy Efficiency, Materials and Resources
HGF - Program Themes:Efficient and Flexible Power Plants
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E VG - Combustion and Gas Turbine Technologies
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Gas Turbine (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Qualifizierung
Institute of Solar Research > Großanlagen und solare Materialien
Deposited By: Kruschinski, Anja
Deposited On:23 May 2016 09:43
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:58

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