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Gaze direction and driving behavior of drivers at level crossings

Grippenkoven, Jan and Dietsch, Sandra (2015) Gaze direction and driving behavior of drivers at level crossings. Journal of Transportation Safety & Security. Taylor & Francis. DOI: 10.1080/19439962.2015.1046620 ISSN 1943-9962

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19439962.2015.1046620

Abstract

Abstract: International level crossing statistics reveal that the majority of accidents at level crossings occur due to human error on the part of car drivers. Often, the rather unspecific description of “attentional deficits” is given as the cause of most accidents. In this study, driving data and eye-tracking data were collected during a standardized driving study. Using a research vehicle, the behavior of 24 participants was observed while approaching two level crossings (one with passive protection, the other with active light-signal protection). It turned out that on the last 300m of the approach towards level crossings, all of the drivers detected and fixated upon at least parts of the protection layout at both level crossings. Nevertheless, only one third of all participants subsequently derived the right reaction and checked the rails for an oncoming train. Two thirds of the participants did not direct their attention towards the rail tracks. With such deficient gaze behavior, visual detection of a potentially oncoming train is difficult. In addition to the maladaptive gaze patterns, inattentive drivers decelerated significantly less while approaching both level crossings than attentive drivers.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/100035/
Document Type:Article
Title:Gaze direction and driving behavior of drivers at level crossings
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Grippenkoven, JanGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Transportation SystemsUNSPECIFIED
Dietsch, SandraGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Transportation SystemsUNSPECIFIED
Date:5 November 2015
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Transportation Safety & Security
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1080/19439962.2015.1046620
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1943-9962
Status:Published
Keywords:Level crossing, driver behavior, eye tracking, attention, safety
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Fahrzeugintelligenz (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Human Factors
Deposited By: Grippenkoven, Jan Daniel
Deposited On:30 Nov 2015 09:52
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:56

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