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Ni-hydroxide growth in vacuum plasma sprayed electrodes for alkaline electrolysis

Bentzen, J. J. and Zhang, Wei and Joergensen, P.S. and Bowen, J.R. and Reissner, R. (2015) Ni-hydroxide growth in vacuum plasma sprayed electrodes for alkaline electrolysis. In: SCANDEM2015. SCANDEM2015 - Annual Conference of the Nordic Microscopy Society, 9.-11. Juni 2015, Jyväskylä, Finnland.

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The EU FCH-JU RESelyser project is concerned with the development of high pressure, high efficiency and low cost alkaline water electrolysers that can be operated variably and intermittently to meet the demands for integration into energy networks relying on fluctuating renewable energy. The project utilizes NiAlMo alloy electrodes produced at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) by vacuum plasma spraying (VPS). VPS results in heterogeneous microstructures consisting of a multitude of intermetallic phase sub domains and pores. Prior to electrolysis operation the electrodes are activated by leaching of Al and some Al containing intermetallic phases leaving micrometer pores and nanometer dendritic pores increasing the surface area available for the electrolysis reactions. The vacuum plasma sprayed electrodes were analyzed by high resolution SEM and TEM before and after electrolysis operation and after storage in water. Analyses of cross sections and electrode surfaces revealed nano flake structures, desert rose like, on the surface and in the pores on several electrodes. The formation of the desert rose structure appeared to be related to the electrolysis operation as well as the duration of storage in distilled water. The size of the faceted flakes varied from tens of nm to 1-2 µm where the thickness varied from a few nm to ~50 nm. X-ray diffraction of the surfaces covered with the desert rose structures revealed a very high content of theophrastite , Ni(OH)2. The desert rose structure was confirmed by TEM to consist of Ni(OH)2. Surface area measurements (BET) of the electrodes before and after electrolysis test indicated a three times increase of the surface area. The possible implications for the application and performance of the electrodes are discussed. Acknowledgements: This work is funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Technology Initiative under grant agreement n° [278732] 10.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/99702/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Ni-hydroxide growth in vacuum plasma sprayed electrodes for alkaline electrolysis
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Journal or Publication Title:SCANDEM2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Mikroskopie; Nickel; Elektrolyse
Event Title:SCANDEM2015 - Annual Conference of the Nordic Microscopy Society
Event Location:Jyväskylä, Finnland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:9.-11. Juni 2015
Organizer:Nordic Microscopy Society
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion and Use (old)
HGF - Program Themes:other (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E VG - Combustion and Gas Turbine Technologies
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Materials for Energy Technology (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Reißner, Regine
Deposited On:24 Nov 2015 14:22
Last Modified:10 May 2016 23:35

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