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Evaluation Techniques for Optical Analysis of Hybrid Rocket Propulsion

Kobald, Mario and Petrarolo, Anna (2015) Evaluation Techniques for Optical Analysis of Hybrid Rocket Propulsion. Twelfth International Conference on Flow Dynamics, 27.-29. Okt. 2015, Sendai, Japan.

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Abstract

Results of data evaluation techniques are summarized in this paper from optical investigations of the combustion behavior of different hybrid rocket fuels. High speed video imaging was used to analyze combustion phenomena of liquefying Paraffin-based fuels including additives in combination with gaseous oxygen (GOX). Two different techniques are presented in this work, which are used within an automated video evaluation routine. First of all, the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) technique is applied. Its results deliver linearly uncorrelated variables which are the principal components of the flow field. This method enables a decomposition of the data set into mean, coherent and incoherent parts, thus recognizing the main structures of the flow field and the combustion flame appearing in the video data. Secondly, the Independent Component Analysis (ICA) technique is applied to the same test data. It is able to search for statistically independent, or as independent as possible, structures hidden in the data, thus increasing the independence to higher statistical orders with respect to POD. With both methods it is possible to compute spatial and temporal coefficients, which can be later analyzed by applying a Power Spectral Density (PSD) in order to obtain the excited frequencies and wavelengths during the combustion. Finally, the results of the two methods are compared in order to better understand and interpret them. A comparison between spatial and temporal ICA is also performed. The results collected so far and the comparison of both techniques shows that their application is consistent and useful for the automated evaluation of combustion data.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/99635/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Evaluation Techniques for Optical Analysis of Hybrid Rocket Propulsion
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Kobald, Mariomario.kobald (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1708-3944
Petrarolo, Annaanna.petrarolo (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2291-2874
Date:27 October 2015
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Hybrid Rocket Propulsion, Optical Investigation, POD, Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, ICA, Independent Component Analysis
Event Title:Twelfth International Conference on Flow Dynamics
Event Location:Sendai, Japan
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:27.-29. Okt. 2015
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Antriebsystemtechnik - Raketenantriebtests
Location: Lampoldshausen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Propulsion > Propellants
Deposited By: Kobald, Dr. Mario
Deposited On:20 Nov 2015 11:04
Last Modified:01 Dec 2018 19:51

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