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Mapping urban surface characteristics for urban energy flux modelling

Heldens, Wieke and Del Frate, Fabio and Lindberg, Fredrik and Mitraka, Zina and Latini, Daniele and Chrysoulakis, Nektarios and Esch, Thomas (2015) Mapping urban surface characteristics for urban energy flux modelling. In: Mapping Urban Areas from Space. Mapping Urban Areas from Space, 4-5. Nov. 2015, Frascati, Italien.

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Abstract

Climate surface parameters in urban areas and the urban energy budget are influenced by the urban spatial characteristics. Thus, to model the urban energy budget, a characterization of the urban surface is required. Within the H2020 Project URBANFLUXES it is aimed model the urban energy budget and especially the anthropogenic heat flux using earth observation (EO) data. EO data is especially valuable for the mapping of the urban surface characteristics. The main advantage to do so is the transferability to any city, because objective input data can be generated. The EO methods for URBANFLUXES are developed and applied to three cities: Basel, London and Heraklion.A requirements catalogue has been defined to ensure the EO products are adapted to the needs of the subsequent energy budget models. The required products are divided in morphological parameters and surface parameters. The morphological parameters describe the vertical structure of the urban area and require a detailed digital surface model. For URBANFLUXES, in addition to the surface and elevation models also the building height, sky view factor, building fraction (plan area index) and frontal area index are derived. The surface parameters describe characteristics such as land cover fractions, phenology (NDVI, LAI), albedo and surface temperature. The parameters that are related to vegetation have a higher variability through the year than the built up area. Therefore these parameters are derived multiple times per year, but also at a lower spatial resolution. All products are transferred to the same spatial grid. Various sources of EO data at different spatial and temporal resolution are used, depending on the requirements.As basis for the morphological parameters a lidar DSM and derived DEM is available for the city of Basel and London. For Heraklion a DSM and DEM derived from stereo imagery is available. From the DEM and DSM, the sky view factor, plan area index and frontal area index are calculated according to Lindberg and Grimmond (2010) and Grimmond and Oke (1999). The results are aggregated to a 100 m grid. For the calculation of the surface parameters of Basel it is made use of data of Landsat 8 and Spot 5. The land cover fractions are calculated using a neural network approach (Del Frate et al. 2007)To describe the phenology time series of NDVI are calculated on the Landsat data. Also the albedo is calculated on the Landsat 8. Surface temperature is derived in local scale from the synergistic use of Landsat and MODIS acquisitions (Mitraka et al., 2015). All methodologies are implemented in a way that enables switching to the Sentinel 2/3 data as soon as the data becomes available.The resulting EO products are the input for urban climate models to enable the estimation of anthropogenic heat flux. But they are also used as input for the classification of Local Climate Zones (LCZ). Stewart and Oke (2012) formally defined LCZ as regions of uniform surface cover, structure, material, and human activity that span hundreds of meters to several kilometers in horizontal scale. After successful classification and combination with the modelling results of the URBANFLUXES project, the LCZ could be used as an indicator for regions with certain anthropogenic heat flux characteristics.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/99603/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:H2020 projekt (URBANFLUXES)
Title:Mapping urban surface characteristics for urban energy flux modelling
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Heldens, WiekeWieke.Heldens (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Del Frate, FabioGEO-kUNSPECIFIED
Lindberg, FredrikGötheborg UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Mitraka, ZinaFORTHUNSPECIFIED
Latini, DanieleGEO-kUNSPECIFIED
Chrysoulakis, NektariosFoundation for Research and Technology - Hellas (FORTH), Heraklion, Crete, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Esch, ThomasThomas.Esch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:Mapping Urban Areas from Space
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:urban remote sensing, energy flux modelling
Event Title:Mapping Urban Areas from Space
Event Location:Frascati, Italien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:4-5. Nov. 2015
Organizer:ESA Esrin
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Fernerkundung der Landoberfläche (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Heldens, Dr Wieke
Deposited On:03 Dec 2015 10:43
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:56

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