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An ESA Roadmap for Geobiology in Space Exploration

Cousins, Claire R and Cockell, Charles S and and the, Geobiology in Space Exploration Topical Team: and Angerer, Oliver and Bryce, Casey and Cockell, Charles and Cousins, Claire and Cullen, David and de la Torre, Rosa and de Vera, Jean-Pierre and Finister, Kai and Foing, Bernard and Kminek, Gerhard and Leach, Sydney and Lehto, Kirsi and Leys, Natalie and Ngo-Anh, Jennifer and Olsson-Francis, Karen and Onofri, Silvano and Ori, Gian Grabiele and Payler, Sam and Rabbow, Elke and Rettberg, Petra and Samuels, Toby and Schröder, Christian and Van Houdt, Rob and van Loon, Jack and Willaert, Ronnie and Zuccioni, Laura (2015) An ESA Roadmap for Geobiology in Space Exploration. Acta Astronautica, 118, pp. 286-295. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2015.10.022 ISSN 0094-5765

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2015.10.022

Abstract

Geobiology, and in particular mineral-microbe interactions, has a significant role to play in current and future space exploration. This includes the search for biosignatures in extraterrestrial environments, and the human exploration of space. Microorganisms can be exploited to advance such exploration, such as through biomining, maintenance of life-support systems, and testing of life-detection instrumentation. In view of these potential applications, a European Space Agency (ESA) Topical Team “Geobiology in Space Exploration” was developed to explore these applications, and identify research avenues to be investigated to support this endeavour. Through community workshops, a roadmap was produced, with which to define future research directions via a set of 15 recommendations spanning three key areas: Science, Technology, and Community. These roadmap recommendations identify the need for research into: (1) New terrestrial space-analogue environments; (2) Community level microbial-mineral interactions; (3) Response of biofilms to the space environment; (4) Enzymatic and biochemical mineral interaction; (5) Technical refinement of instrumentation for space-based microbiology experiments, including precursor flight tests; (6) Integration of existing ground-based planetary simulation facilities; (7) Integration of fieldsite biogeography with laboratory- and field-based research; (8) Modification of existing planetary instruments for new geobiological investigations; (9) Development of in situ sample preparation techniques; (10) Miniaturisation of existing analytical methods, such as DNA sequencing technology; (11) New sensor technology to analyse chemical interaction in small volume samples; (12) Development of reusable Lunar and Near Earth Object experimental platforms; (13) Utility of Earth-based research to enable the realistic pursuit of extraterrestrial biosignatures; (14) Terrestrial benefits and technological spin-off from existing and future space-based geobiology investigations; and (15) New communication avenues between space agencies and terrestrial research organisations to enable this impact to be developed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/99516/
Document Type:Article
Title:An ESA Roadmap for Geobiology in Space Exploration
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Cousins, Claire RDepartment of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Irvine Building, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife, UK, KY16 9AJUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, Charles SUK Centre for Astrobiology, James Clerk Maxwell Building, Kings Buildings, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK, EH9 3FD and School of Physics and Astronomy, James Clerk Maxwell Building, Kings Buildings, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK, EH9 3FDUNSPECIFIED
and the, Geobiology in Space Exploration Topical Team:UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Angerer, OliverUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bryce, CaseyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, CharlesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cousins, ClaireUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cullen, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de la Torre, RosaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
de Vera, Jean-PierreGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) Berlin, Institute of Planetary Research, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Finister, KaiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Foing, BernardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kminek, GerhardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Leach, SydneyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lehto, KirsiUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Leys, NatalieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ngo-Anh, JenniferUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Olsson-Francis, KarenUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Onofri, SilvanoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ori, Gian GrabieleUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Payler, SamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rabbow, ElkeRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraRadiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, Germany.UNSPECIFIED
Samuels, TobyUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schröder, ChristianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Van Houdt, RobUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
van Loon, JackUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Willaert, RonnieUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zuccioni, LauraUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:Acta Astronautica
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:118
DOI :10.1016/j.actaastro.2015.10.022
Page Range:pp. 286-295
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0094-5765
Status:Published
Keywords:Geobiology; Astrobiology; Space exploration; International Space Station
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Institute of Planetary Research > Experimentelle Planetenphysik
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:26 Nov 2015 15:21
Last Modified:10 May 2016 23:34

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