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Global-scale atmosphere monitoring by in-service aircraft - current achievements and future prospects of the European Research Infrastructure IAGOS

Petzold, Andreas and Thouret, Valerie and Gerbig, Christoph and Zahn, Andreas and Brenninkmeijer, Carl and Gallagher, Martin and Hermann, Markus and Pontaud, Marc and Ziereis, Helmut and Boulanger, Damien and Marshall, Julia and Nédélec, Philippe and Smit, Herman and Friess, Udo and Flaud, Jean-Marie and Wahner, Andreas and Cammas, Jean-Pierre and Volz-Thomas, Andreas (2015) Global-scale atmosphere monitoring by in-service aircraft - current achievements and future prospects of the European Research Infrastructure IAGOS. Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 67, pp. 1-24. Taylor & Francis. DOI: 10.3402/tellusb.v67.28452 ISSN 0280-6509

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Official URL: http://www.tellusb.net/index.php/tellusb/article/view/28452

Abstract

The European Research Infrastructure IAGOS (In-service Aircraft for a Global Observing System) operates a global-scale monitoring system for atmospheric trace gases, aerosols and clouds utilising the existing global civil aircraft. This new monitoring infrastructure builds on the heritage of the former research projects MOZAIC (Measurement of Ozone and Water Vapour on Airbus In-service Aircraft) and CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container). CARIBIC continues within IAGOS and acts as an important airborne measurement reference standard within the wider IAGOS fleet. IAGOS is a major contributor to the in-situ component of the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS), the successor to the Global Monitoring for the Environment and Security – Atmospheric Service, and is providing data for users in science, weather services and atmospherically relevant policy. IAGOS is unique in collecting regular in-situ observations of reactive gases, greenhouse gases and aerosol concentrations in the upper troposphere and lowermost stratosphere (UTLS) at high spatial resolution. It also provides routine vertical profiles of these species in the troposphere over continental sites or regions, many of which are undersampled by other networks or sampling studies, particularly in Africa, Southeast Asia and South America. In combination with MOZAIC and CARIBIC, IAGOS has provided long-term observations of atmospheric chemical composition in the UTLS since 1994. The longest time series are 20 yr of temperature, H2O and O3, and 9–15 yr of aerosols, CO, NOy, CO2, CH4, N2O, SF6, Hg, acetone, ~30 HFCs and ~20 non-methane hydrocarbons. Among the scientific highlights which have emerged from these data sets are observations of extreme concentrations of O3 and CO over the Pacific basin that have never or rarely been recorded over the Atlantic region for the past 12 yr; detailed information on the temporal and regional distributions of O3, CO, H2O, NOy and aerosol particles in the UTLS, including the impacts of cross-tropopause transport, deep convection and lightning on the distribution of these species; characterisation of ice-supersaturated regions in the UTLS; and finally, improved understanding of the spatial distribution of upper tropospheric humidity including the finding that the UTLS is much more humid than previously assumed.Keywords: IAGOS, MOZAIC, CARIBIC, atmospheric composition, atmospheric monitoring, research infrastructure, climate research(Published: 16 October 2015)Citation: Tellus B 2015, 67, 28452, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v67.28452

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/99345/
Document Type:Article
Title:Global-scale atmosphere monitoring by in-service aircraft - current achievements and future prospects of the European Research Infrastructure IAGOS
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Petzold, AndreasFZ JülichUNSPECIFIED
Thouret, ValerieCNRS, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Gerbig, ChristophMax-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, JenaUNSPECIFIED
Zahn, AndreasKIT, KarlsruheUNSPECIFIED
Brenninkmeijer, CarlMax-Planck-Institut für Chemie, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Gallagher, MartinUniversity Manchester, UKUNSPECIFIED
Hermann, MarkusLeibniz Institut, LeipzigUNSPECIFIED
Pontaud, MarcMeteo-France, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Ziereis, HelmutDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Boulanger, DamienCNRS, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Marshall, JuliaMax-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, JenaUNSPECIFIED
Nédélec, PhilippeCNRS, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Smit, HermanFZ JülichUNSPECIFIED
Friess, UdoUniversität HeidelbergUNSPECIFIED
Flaud, Jean-MarieLISA, CNRS, Creteil, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Wahner, AndreasFZ JülichUNSPECIFIED
Cammas, Jean-PierreCNRS, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Volz-Thomas, AndreasFZ JülichUNSPECIFIED
Date:16 October 2015
Journal or Publication Title:Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:67
DOI :10.3402/tellusb.v67.28452
Page Range:pp. 1-24
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0280-6509
Status:Published
Keywords:IAGOS; MOZAIC, CARIBIC; atmospheric composition; atmospheric monitoring; research infrastructure, climate research
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Ziereis, Helmut
Deposited On:13 Nov 2015 11:36
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:52

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