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Preparation and Characterization of Microsized Cellulose Beads Made Using NaOH/Urea/ZnO Aqueous Solution

Kamal Mohamed, Seeni Meera and Ganesan, Kathirvel and Milow, Barbara and Ratke, Lorenz (2015) Preparation and Characterization of Microsized Cellulose Beads Made Using NaOH/Urea/ZnO Aqueous Solution. 4th EPNOE International Polysaccharide Conference, 19-22 October 2015, Warsaw, Poland.

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Abstract

In the present work, we prepared cellulose microbeads by dissolving it in a mixture of 7 wt% NaOH and 12 wt% urea aqueous solutions and coagulating in hydrochloric acid medium. To the mixture of NaOH and urea, different concentrations of ZnO were added to study the effect on physical and morphological properties of the prepared beads using different analytical techniques like, FT-IR, TGA, BET isotherm and scanning electron microscopy. It has been observed that cellulose beads prepared with lower concentrations of ZnO show shrinkage while drying, whereas cellulose beads prepared with higher concentrations of ZnO do not exhibit much shrinkage. Overall, the size of dried cellulose beads was found to be in the range of 2-2.5 mm. The skeletal density of all the dried cellulose beads was calculated as 1.5 g/cm3. FT-IR spectra reveal that the structure of cellulose I transformed as cellulose II during the dissolution and regeneration process. The beads prepared with NaOH/urea/ZnO aqueous solution exhibit better thermal stability. Cellulose beads prepared with 0.5 wt% ZnO show higher surface area of 407 m2/g with large porosity (94%) and increased pore volume of 1.56 cm3/g compared to control cellulose beads (1.48 cm3/g). SEM images show that all the beads exhibit good spherical shape and further evidence that dense fibrillary nano network structure was formed in the interior of the cellulose beads prepared with 0.5 wt% ZnO. All the results indicate that the bulk density, surface area, pore volume and pore size of the cellulose beads could be tuned by changing the concentration of ZnO.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/99269/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Preparation and Characterization of Microsized Cellulose Beads Made Using NaOH/Urea/ZnO Aqueous Solution
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Kamal Mohamed, Seeni MeeraKamalMohamed.SeeniMeera (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ganesan, Kathirvelkathrivel.ganesan (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Milow, BarbaraBarbara.Milow (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ratke, Lorenzlorenz.ratke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Cellulose, Aerogel, ZnO, Microbeads, BET
Event Title:4th EPNOE International Polysaccharide Conference
Event Location:Warsaw, Poland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:19-22 October 2015
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Air Transport Concepts and Operation (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Aerogele
Deposited By: Kamal Mohamed, Dr. Seeni Meera
Deposited On:09 Nov 2015 14:53
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:56

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  • Preparation and Characterization of Microsized Cellulose Beads Made Using NaOH/Urea/ZnO Aqueous Solution. (deposited 09 Nov 2015 14:53) [Currently Displayed]

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