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Ceria-based Materials and Components for Solar-thermochemical Fuels Production

Call, Friedemann and Knoblauch, Nicole and Dörrer, Lars and Takacs, Michael and Liu, Qian and Schmücker, Martin and Fielitz, Peter and Borchardt, Günter and Steinfeld, Aldo and Feldmann, Claus and Roeb, Martin and Sattler, Christian and Pitz-Paal, Robert (2015) Ceria-based Materials and Components for Solar-thermochemical Fuels Production. Workshop on Ceria-based Materials in Catalysis and Electrochemistry (MCE), 27.-30. Jul. 2015, Schloss Rauischholzhausen, Deutschland.

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Official URL: https://www.uni-giessen.de/fbz/zentren/lama/News/copy_of_mce_news


The ease of transportation and high power density create the basis for hydrocarbon fuels’ privileged position in our energy mix. Therefore processes that use renewable energy sources to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels from H2O and CO2 are of crucial importance. Concentrated solar radiation can be employed as the only energy source for the renewable production of hydrogen from water either indirectly, e.g. by supplying the electricity for electrolysis, or directly by supplying the necessary heat for thermochemically producing hydrogen and syngas. Among the various thermochemical cycles tested so far for solar-driven hydrogen production via water splitting, those based on redox-pair oxide systems, are directly adaptable to carbon dioxide splitting and/or combined CO2/H2O splitting for the production of CO or syngas, respectively. The Helmholtz Virtual Institute SolarSynGas brings together expertise from solar energy research and materials science to develop metal oxide based redox materials and to integrate them into suitable process technologies for such processes. Due to preliminary theoretical studies as well as reported in the literature, ceria-based materials are viable candidate materials for such cycles. In screening campaigns, the performance of ceria was enhanced via doping with zirconium and trivalent lanthanides. The most promising compositions were subjected to equilibrium reduction experiments with the aid of thermogravimetry analysis under varying conditions such as the temperature and the partial pressure of oxygen. Applying a basic reaction model, the thermodynamic properties of the material were determined. Further than that, kinetical parameters such as the chemical surface exchange coefficient and chemical diffusivity of oxygen were determined. Thereby, the basic understanding of interrelations between atomic structure and transport, microstructure, reactivity and life time of the materials is gained, which is crucial for the development of optimized reactor and process concepts based on ceria.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/99244/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Ceria-based Materials and Components for Solar-thermochemical Fuels Production
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Call, Friedemannfriedemann.call (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Takacs, MichaelETH ZürichUNSPECIFIED
Schmücker, MartinMartin.Schmuecker (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Fielitz, PeterTU ClausthalUNSPECIFIED
Borchardt, GünterTU ClausthalUNSPECIFIED
Steinfeld, AldoETH ZürichUNSPECIFIED
Roeb, MartinMartin.roeb (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sattler, Christianchristian.sattler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Pitz-Paal, Robertrobert.pitz-paal (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:27 July 2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:ceria, thermochemical cycles, hydrogen, concentrated solar Radiation, syn gas
Event Title:Workshop on Ceria-based Materials in Catalysis and Electrochemistry (MCE)
Event Location:Schloss Rauischholzhausen, Deutschland
Event Type:Workshop
Event Dates:27.-30. Jul. 2015
Organizer:Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Systems (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solar Process Technology (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Solare Verfahrenstechnik
Institute of Materials Research > Keramische Strukturwerkstoffe
Deposited By: Sattler, Prof. Dr. Christian
Deposited On:09 Nov 2015 09:22
Last Modified:10 May 2016 23:34

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