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COMPARISON OF TWO CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER GRID TYPES WITH RESPECT TO STABILITY, STIFFNESS AND MASS FOR THE USE AS INTERSTAGE STRUCTURE

Lohse-Busch, Heike and Mierheim, Olaf (2015) COMPARISON OF TWO CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER GRID TYPES WITH RESPECT TO STABILITY, STIFFNESS AND MASS FOR THE USE AS INTERSTAGE STRUCTURE. In: 66th International Astronautical Congress (IAC) (ISSN: 1995-6258). International Astronautical Federation. 66th International Astronautical Congress, 12.-16. Okt. 2015, Jerusalem, Italien. ISSN 1995-6258

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Abstract

In this paper, two grid types are discussed for the use as interstage 1-2 structure of the Veículo Lançador de Microssatélites (VLM). VLM is a launcher for microsatellites made of 3 stages arranged in tandem. The interstage 1- 2 is an open grid structure because of the hot separation of the first stage. The grid is made of light yet stiff carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP). The two discussed grid types for the interstage are the axial grid and the hoop grid. The axial grid consists of axial stiffeners, which are parallel to the axis of the launcher, and helical stiffeners arranged at a +θ angle and at a – θ angle. The hoop grid is made of hoop stiffeners which are circular and helical stiffeners similar to those of the axial grid. The mechanical behavior of interstages made of these two grid types is discussed with respect to stiffness and stability. Finite element modelling (FEM) is used to determine the influence of the grid components on the eigenfrequency of the launcher. In this analysis, the stiffeners of the interstage are smeared into a cylindrical shell and implemented into a shell element model of VLM. The net thickness of the smeared stiffeners is varied to determine the influence of each stiffener type on the modal analysis. The smeared stiffeners are then discretized into individual stiffeners and the resulting gird barrels are analyzed via FEM using beam elements to determine the stability behavior of the grids. Here the influence of the width to thickness ratio of the stiffeners having rectangular cross sections is inspected. Having established an understanding of the mechanical behavior of the two grids, an interstage design for both grid types is developed using the above described analyses. It is found that the minimum mass of the axial grid interstage, which fulfils the stiffness and stability requirements, is lighter than the hoop grid interstage.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/99062/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:COMPARISON OF TWO CARBON FIBER REINFORCED POLYMER GRID TYPES WITH RESPECT TO STABILITY, STIFFNESS AND MASS FOR THE USE AS INTERSTAGE STRUCTURE
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Lohse-Busch, Heikeheike.lohse-busch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Mierheim, Olafolaf.mierheim (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:16 October 2015
Journal or Publication Title:66th International Astronautical Congress (IAC) (ISSN: 1995-6258)
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:International Astronautical Federation
ISSN:1995-6258
Status:Published
Keywords:Global Buckling; Local Buckling; Eigenfrequency; Free Vibration; Grid; Composite; Cylinder; Interstage; Launch Vehicle
Event Title:66th International Astronautical Congress
Event Location:Jerusalem, Italien
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:12.-16. Okt. 2015
Organizer:International Astronautical Federation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - VLM für Shefex
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Functional Lightweight Structures
Deposited By: Lohse-Busch, Heike
Deposited On:20 Nov 2015 14:46
Last Modified:20 Nov 2015 14:46

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