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Using Solar Energy Continuously Through Day and Night for Methane Reforming – An Experimental Demonstration

Lapp, Justin L. and Lange, Matthias and Roeb, Martin and Sattler, Christian (2015) Using Solar Energy Continuously Through Day and Night for Methane Reforming – An Experimental Demonstration. The 10th European Congress of Chemical Engineering, 28 Aug– 01 Sep 2015, Nice, France.

[img] MS PowerPoint (Conference Presentation Final)


A new concept of solar receiver/reactor is developed which combines catalytic methane reforming and air heating for solar energy storage in a single volumetric absorbing monolith. A 5 kW scale prototype has been developed and tested. The design includes a silicon carbide volumetric absorber with separate channels for heating air and for the endothermic methane reforming reaction. The energy transferred to the air stream can potentially be stored and used to provide heat for methane reforming reaction during nighttime operation. The flow rate of the air stream can also be adjusted to match variations in the solar input, such as during cloud passing, so that a constant stream of fuel products are produced even with variable solar input. Preliminary testing of the prototype has been performed using simulated solar energy provided by Xenon-arc lamps. An example test result is presented showing conversion of methane, steam, and carbon dioxide to products of hydrogen and carbon monoxide in one set of channels while air is heated in the other set of channels. Methane conversion rates and outlet gas compositions are given, and a total efficiency of the device is calculated.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/98846/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Keynote)
Title:Using Solar Energy Continuously Through Day and Night for Methane Reforming – An Experimental Demonstration
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Date:1 September 2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Solar, Reforming, Methane, Continuous, Energy-Storage, High Temperature
Event Title:The 10th European Congress of Chemical Engineering
Event Location:Nice, France
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:28 Aug– 01 Sep 2015
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Systems (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solar Process Technology (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research
Deposited By: Lapp, Justin
Deposited On:30 Oct 2015 15:36
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:55

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