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Simulation and evaluation of a process concept for the generation of synthetic fuel from CO2 and H2

König, Daniel Helmut and Baucks, Nadine and Dietrich, Ralph-Uwe and Wörner, Antje (2015) Simulation and evaluation of a process concept for the generation of synthetic fuel from CO2 and H2. Energy, 91, pp. 833-841. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2015.08.099 ISSN 0360-5442

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544215011767

Abstract

Future aviation, shipping and heavy load transportation will continue to depend on energy carriers with a high energy density. The Power-to-Liquid technology is an approach to produce synthetic hydrocarbons, which fulfill this requirement. The proposed concept is based on H2 from electrolysis, which reacts with CO2 via the reverse water-gas shift reaction to syngas. Syngas is then synthesized to liquid hydrocarbons by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. A downstream product separation and upgrading section allows the production of defined fractions for specific applications. A flowsheet process model is build and heat integration is conducted. The input capacity is set to 100 MW_LHV of H2. A total amount of 1260 bbl/d liquid hydrocarbons (67.1 MW_LHV) is generated. The carbon conversion and the Power-to-Liquid efficiency, which is defined as the fraction of the electrical energy chemically bound into liquid hydrocarbons, are identified as the parameters to evaluate the overall process performance. The Power-to-Liquid efficiency is found to be 43.3%. The carbon conversion rate of 73.7% indicates the exploiting of the introduced CO2.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/98357/
Document Type:Article
Title:Simulation and evaluation of a process concept for the generation of synthetic fuel from CO2 and H2
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
König, Daniel Helmutdaniel.koenig (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Baucks, Nadinenadine.baucks (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dietrich, Ralph-Uweralph-uwe.dietrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wörner, Antjeantje.woerner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:91
DOI :10.1016/j.energy.2015.08.099
Page Range:pp. 833-841
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0360-5442
Status:Published
Keywords:Power-to-Liquid, Process Simulation, Synthetic fuels, CO2 utilization
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion and Use (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Energy-efficient Processes (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Thermochemical Processes (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Thermal Process Technology
Deposited By: König, Daniel Helmut
Deposited On:03 Dec 2015 10:27
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:55

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