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The Planetary and Space Simulation Facilities at DLR Cologne

Rabbow, Elke and Parpart, André and Reitz, Günther (2015) The Planetary and Space Simulation Facilities at DLR Cologne. Microgravity Science and Technology, 28 (3), pp. 215-229. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s12217-015-9448-7 ISSN 0938-0108

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12217-015-9448-7

Abstract

Astrobiology strives to increase our knowledge on the origin, evolution and distribution of life, on Earth and beyond. In the past centuries, life has been found on Earth in environments with extreme conditions that were expected to be uninhabitable. Scientific investigations of the underlying metabolic mechanisms and strategies that lead to the high adaptability of these extremophile organisms increase our understanding of evolution and distribution of life on Earth. Life as we know it depends on the availability of liquid water. Exposure of organisms to defined and complex extreme environmental conditions, in particular those that limit the water availability, allows the investigation of the survival mechanisms as well as an estimation of the possibility of the distribution to and survivability on other celestial bodies of selected organisms. Space missions in low Earth orbit (LEO) provide access for experiments to complex environmental conditions not available on Earth, but studies on the molecular and cellular mechanisms of adaption to these hostile conditions and on the limits of life cannot be performed exclusively in space experiments. Experimental space is limited and allows only the investigation of selected endpoints. An additional intensive ground based program is required, with easy to access facilities capable to simulate space and planetary environments, in particular with focus on temperature, pressure, atmospheric composition and short wavelength solar ultraviolet radiation (UV). DLR Cologne operates a number of Planetary and Space Simulation facilities (PSI) where microorganisms from extreme terrestrial environments or known for their high adaptability are exposed for mechanistic studies. Space or planetary parameters are simulated individually or in combination in temperature controlled vacuum facilities equipped with a variety of defined and calibrated irradiation sources. The PSI support basic research and were recurrently used for pre-flight test programs for several astrobiological space missions. Parallel experiments on ground provided essential complementary data supporting the scientific interpretation of the data received from the space missions.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/98299/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Planetary and Space Simulation Facilities at DLR Cologne
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Rabbow, ElkeRadiation Biology Department, DLR, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Linder Hoehe, D-51147 Koeln, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Parpart, AndréRadiation Biology Department, DLR, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Linder Hoehe, D-51147 Koeln, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Reitz, GüntherRadiation Biology Department, DLR, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Linder Hoehe, D-51147 Koeln, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:Microgravity Science and Technology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:28
DOI :10.1007/s12217-015-9448-7
Page Range:pp. 215-229
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-0108
Status:Published
Keywords:Astrobiology, Ground simulation facilities, Space experiment, Extreme environments, Extremophiles
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:24 Sep 2015 15:15
Last Modified:14 Jun 2016 13:23

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