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Surface tension and density data for Fe–Cr–Mo, Fe–Cr–Ni, and Fe–Cr–Mn–Ni steels

Dubberstein, Tobias and Heller, Hans-Peter and Klostermann, Jens and Brillo, Jürgen (2015) Surface tension and density data for Fe–Cr–Mo, Fe–Cr–Ni, and Fe–Cr–Mn–Ni steels. Journal of Materials Science, 50, pp. 7227-7237. Springer. doi: 10.1007/s10853-015-9277-5. ISSN 0022-2461.

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Abstract

The temperature dependence of surface tension and density for Fe–Cr–Mo (AISI 4142), Fe–Cr–Ni (AISI 304), and Fe–Cr–Mn–Ni TRIP/TWIP high-manganese (16 wt% Cr, 7 wt% Mn, and 3–9 wt% Ni) liquid alloys are investigated using the conventional maximum bubble pressure (MBP) and sessile drop (SD) methods. In addition, the surface tension of liquid steel is measured using the oscillating droplet method on electromagnetically levitated (EML) liquid droplets at the German Aerospace Centre (DLR, Cologne). The data of thermophysical properties for Fe–Cr–Mn–Ni is of major importance for modeling of infiltration and gas atomization processes in the prototyping of a ‘‘TRIP-Matrix-Composite.’’ The surface tension of TRIP/TWIP steel increased with an increase in temperature in MBP as well as in SD measurement. The manganese evaporation with the conventional measurement methods is not significantly high within the experiments (DMn\0.5 %). The temperature coefficient of surface tension (dr/dT) is positive for liquid steel samples, which can be explained by the concentration of surface active elements. A slight influence of nickel on the surface tension of Fe–Cr–Mn–Ni steel was experimentally observed where r is decreased with increasing nickel content. EML measurement of high-manganese steel, however, is limited to the undercooling state of the liquid steel. The manganese evaporation strongly increased in excess of the liquidus temperature in levitation measurements and a mass loss of droplet of 5 % was observed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/98222/
Document Type:Article
Title:Surface tension and density data for Fe–Cr–Mo, Fe–Cr–Ni, and Fe–Cr–Mn–Ni steels
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Dubberstein, TobiasTU-FreibergUNSPECIFIED
Heller, Hans-PeterTU-FreibergUNSPECIFIED
Klostermann, JensTU-FreibergUNSPECIFIED
Brillo, JürgenDLR, Institut für Materialphysik im WeltraumUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Materials Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:50
DOI :10.1007/s10853-015-9277-5
Page Range:pp. 7227-7237
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0022-2461
Status:Published
Keywords:Surface tension, viscosity, steels, electromagnetic levitation, sessile drop, maximum bubble, thermophysical properties
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Materialforschung unter Mikro-g (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Physics in Space > Scientific Experiments MP
Deposited By: Brillo, Dr.rer.nat. Jürgen
Deposited On:16 Sep 2015 08:40
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:27

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