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Accurate Transponder Calibrations with the Novel Three-Transponder Method

Döring, Björn J. and Reimann, Jens and Raab, Sebastian and Jirousek, Matthias and Rudolf, Daniel and Schwerdt, Marco (2015) Accurate Transponder Calibrations with the Novel Three-Transponder Method. CEOS SAR Workshop on Calibration and Validation (CEOS SAR CalVal), 2015-10-27 - 2015-10-29, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.

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Abstract

Transponders are, besides trihedral corner reflectors, the most commonly used measurement standards in radiometric SAR calibration. They allow signal recording for the reconstruction of the azimuth pattern of the SAR system, adjustments of the backscattering matrix for polarimetric applications, and radar cross sections (RCSs) which are potentially much larger than those of passive point targets. These advantages led DLR to develop, manufacture, and install three new, accurate C-band “Kalibri” transponders in South Germany, which are now being used for the calibration and monitoring of the Copernicus Sentinel-1A satellite. Before the transponders could be used as radiometric measurement standards, they needed to be calibrated themselves. In an effort to find the most accurate RCS calibration approach for the given transponder design, several existing methods were compared [1], and a new, potentially highly accurate method, devised which exploits the specific design of the Kalibri transponders [2]. The new “three-transponder method” is similar in principle to the known “three-antenna method”, but is based on the radar equation instead of the Friis transmission formula. The approach exploits the fact that modern transponders like the “Kalibri” device can also be operated as radars because of the integrated digital sub-system (which is needed to implement a digital delay line and incorporates an AD and DA converter). To conduct a complete measurement, three transponders and three measurements (with one transponder pair each) are required; refined measurement schemas are also possible. In comparison to existing methods, no additional radiometric measurement standard is needed, which so far has been one of the limiting factors in accomplishing lower calibration uncertainties. Measurement traceability is achieved by tracing a comparatively simple length measurement back to a national realization of the meter. Such a length measurements can be performed with high accuracy. The presentation will include the setup and the measurement results of a first demonstration measurement campaign. Despite remaining challenges in the practical implementation, the uncertainty analysis shows that the method is a good candidate for highly accurate transponder RCS calibrations in the future.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/98148/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Accurate Transponder Calibrations with the Novel Three-Transponder Method
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Döring, Björn J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Reimann, JensUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Raab, SebastianUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jirousek, MatthiasUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rudolf, DanielUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Schwerdt, MarcoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:SAR calibration, transponder, RCS
Event Title:CEOS SAR Workshop on Calibration and Validation (CEOS SAR CalVal)
Event Location:Noordwijk, The Netherlands
Event Type:international Conference, Workshop
Event Dates:2015-10-27 - 2015-10-29
Organizer:Canadian Space Agency
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt TanDEM-X
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Microwaves and Radar Institute > Spaceborne SAR Systems
Deposited By: Döring, Björn
Deposited On:09 Sep 2015 13:44
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:55

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