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Pilots’ Decision-Making under High Workload: Recognition-Primed or Not – An Engineering Point of View

Gontar, Patrick and Porstner, Verena and Hoermann, H.-J. and Bengler, Klaus (2015) Pilots’ Decision-Making under High Workload: Recognition-Primed or Not – An Engineering Point of View. 19th Triennial Congress of the IEA, 9-14 Aug 2015, Melbourne, Australia.

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Abstract

The objective of this study is to analyse pilots' decision-making behaviour in terms of naturalistic decision-making. In line with the highly experienced group of pilots (n = 120), recognition-primed decisions are expected to dominate. In a full-flight simulator experiment, with two groups of pilots (short-haul and long-haul pilots) with different levels of practice and training, we were able to show that only about one-third of the pilots make recognition-primed decisions. Results may indicate that the current training practice helps pilots to handle foreseeable problems very well, yet does not support pilots in ambivalent and new decision-making situations. Based on these findings, we recommend the incorporation of more unforeseen events in recurrent training simulator missions to train pilots in handling unknown situations. Practitioner Summary: The results from a flight-simulator study showed that pilots' decision-making is more analytical than recognition-primed. A possible reason for this could be the pressure for justification, or simply that pilots cannot use their experience in unforeseen situations. Hence, training should include more unforeseen events.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/98017/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Pilots’ Decision-Making under High Workload: Recognition-Primed or Not – An Engineering Point of View
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Gontar, PatrickTechnische Univesität München, Institute of ErgonomicsUNSPECIFIED
Porstner, VerenaTechnische Univesität München, Institute of ErgonomicsUNSPECIFIED
Hoermann, H.-J.hans.hoermann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bengler, KlausTechnische Univesität München, Institute of ErgonomicsUNSPECIFIED
Date:12 August 2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:recognition-primed decision (RPD), naturalistic decision-making (NDM), flight-simulator, crew resource management, FOR-DEC
Event Title:19th Triennial Congress of the IEA
Event Location:Melbourne, Australia
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:9-14 Aug 2015
Organizer:IEA
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Hörmann, Dr.phil. Hans-Jürgen
Deposited On:03 Dec 2015 13:09
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:54

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