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True 3D Building Reconstruction – Façade, Roof and Overhang Modeling from Oblique and Vertical Aerial Imagery

Dahlke, Dennis and Linkiewicz, Magdalena and Meißner, Henry (2015) True 3D Building Reconstruction – Façade, Roof and Overhang Modeling from Oblique and Vertical Aerial Imagery. International Journal of Image and Data Fusion, 6 (4), pp. 314-329. Informa UK Limited. DOI: 10.1080/19479832.2015.1071287 ISSN 1947-9832

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/19479832.2015.1071287

Abstract

Aerial imaging systems increasingly gain oblique viewing capabilities. Through these passive systems, photogrammetric 3D point clouds of a scene become available in addition to traditional vertical 2.5D information. In the field of urban reconstruction, this complementary information seeks for robust and automated fusion methods in order to derive 3D building geometry as well as topology in larger scales. It is sequentially shown how to get from façade planes over building footprints to roof reconstruction including overhangs. Façade planes are extracted from a photogrammetric high-resolution 3D point cloud. Local regression methods in 2D space are used to determine the local direction and a criterion for the local linearity of the point cloud. Based on these two parameters, the 3D point cloud is segmented according to which façade it belongs to. From the segmented point cloud, building footprints are extracted as polygons. Similar to cadaster information, those polygons, along with a traditional digital surface model (DSM), serve for one thing as the basis for overhang determination which is performed by fitting polynoms on the outside of façades and using their inflection points as overhang boundary. For another thing, they serve as roof areas which are segmented, topologically described and geometrically modelled. Again local regression methods are used but this time in 3D space in order to segment roof parts. Subsequently, the roof topology is derived using region growing methods. The final building models hold both, geometrical and topological properties.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/97992/
Document Type:Article
Title:True 3D Building Reconstruction – Façade, Roof and Overhang Modeling from Oblique and Vertical Aerial Imagery
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Dahlke, Dennisdennis.dahlke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Linkiewicz, MagdalenaMagdalena.Linkiewicz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Meißner, Henryhenry.meißner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:3 August 2015
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Image and Data Fusion
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:6
DOI :10.1080/19479832.2015.1071287
Page Range:pp. 314-329
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Zhang, JixianUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:Informa UK Limited
ISSN:1947-9832
Status:Published
Keywords:3D reconstruction, building modelling, oblique aerial imagery, sensor fusion, 3D city model
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Optische Technologien und Anwendungen
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Optical Sensor Systems > Sensor Concepts and Applications
Deposited By: Dahlke, Dennis
Deposited On:01 Sep 2015 07:30
Last Modified:14 Dec 2019 04:21

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