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How to Translate Economic Activity into Freight Transportation?

Müller, Stephan and Klauenberg, Jens and Wolfermann, Axel (2015) How to Translate Economic Activity into Freight Transportation? Transportation Research Procedia, 8, pp. 155-167. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2015.06.051. ISSN 2352-1465.

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352146515001271


In this paper, the relationship between the amount of transported goods and economic activities by industries is investigated. Using historical EUROSTAT supply-use tables for Germany, we developed an economic indicator with which the interdependency between 59 industries (NACE classified) their 59 products (CPA classified) and the amount of 24 types of transported goods (NST/R classified) can be shown. In the results, we can observe a strong interdependency between the majority of the transported goods and the developed economic indicator. This enables us to explain statistically about 91% of the amount of the transported goods by economic activity in Germany. Therefore we can state that the developed indicator is suited to translate economic activity into freight transportation. On the one hand, the findings might contribute to the coupling/decoupling discussion. Using the developed indicator we see how coupled the transport volume to economic development really is. On the other hand, the outcome and the developed economic indicator are highly relevant for the freight modelling community because the proper translation of economic activity into freight transportation is still a challenge. Models without an explicit freight generation module can use the economic indicator to derive the transport demand from economic development. Models with an advanced freight generation approach such as SCGE or MRIO can use the method to obtain a control variable for their model outcomes.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/97667/
Document Type:Article
Title:How to Translate Economic Activity into Freight Transportation?
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Date:29 July 2015
Journal or Publication Title:Transportation Research Procedia
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 155-167
Keywords:decoupling; freight generation; economic indicator; goods transportation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Transport System
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VS - Verkehrssystem
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Verkehrsentwicklung und Umwelt II (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research > Commercial Transport
Deposited By: Müller, Dr.-Ing. Stephan
Deposited On:01 Dec 2015 13:26
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:54

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