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Leaf Nitrogen Content Indirectly Estimated by Leaf Traits Derived From the PROSPECT Model

Wang, Zhihui and Skidmore, Andrew and Darvishzadeh, Roshanak and Heiden, Uta and Heurich, Marco and Wang, Tiejun (2015) Leaf Nitrogen Content Indirectly Estimated by Leaf Traits Derived From the PROSPECT Model. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 8 (6), pp. 3172-3182. IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2422734 ISSN 1939-1404

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Official URL: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=7109123

Abstract

Leaf nitrogen content has so far been quantified through empirical techniques using hyperspectral remote sensing. However, it remains a challenge to estimate the nitrogen content in fresh leaves through inversion of physically based models. Leaf nitrogen has been found to correlate with leaf traits (e.g., leaf chlorophyll, dry matter, and water) well through links to the photosynthetic process, which provides potential to estimate nitrogen indirectly. We therefore set out to estimate leaf nitrogen content by using its links to leaf traits that could be retrieved from a physically based model (PROSPECT) inversion. Leaf optical (directional-hemispherical reflectance and transmittance between 350 and 2500 nm) and leaf biochemical (nitrogen, chlorophyll, dry matter, and water) properties were measured. Correlation analysis showed that the area-based nitrogen correlations with leaf traits were higher than mass-based correlations. Hence, simple and multiple linear regression models were established for areabased nitrogen using three leaf traits (leaf chlorophyll content, leaf mass per area, and equivalent water thickness). In addition, the traits were retrieved by the inversion of PROSPECT using an iterative optimization algorithm. The established empirical models and the leaf traits retrieved from PROSPECT were used to estimate leaf nitrogen content. A simple linear regression model using only retrieved equivalent water thickness as a predictor produced the most accurate estimation of nitrogen (R2 = 0.58, normalized RMSE = 0.11). The combination of empirical and physically based models provides a moderately accurate estimation of leaf nitrogen content, which can be transferred to other datasets in a robust and upscalable manner.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/97655/
Document Type:Article
Title:Leaf Nitrogen Content Indirectly Estimated by Leaf Traits Derived From the PROSPECT Model
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Wang, Zhihuiz.wang-1 (at) utwente.nlUNSPECIFIED
Skidmore, Andrewa.k.skidmore (at) utwente.nlUNSPECIFIED
Darvishzadeh, Roshanakr.darvish (at) utwente.nlUNSPECIFIED
Heiden, Utauta.heiden (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Heurich, MarcoMarco.Heurich (at) npv-bw.bayern.deUNSPECIFIED
Wang, Tiejunt.wang (at) utwente.nlUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:8
DOI :10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2422734
Page Range:pp. 3172-3182
Publisher:IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN:1939-1404
Status:Published
Keywords:Hyperspectral remote sensing, leaf nitrogen, leaf traits, PROSPECT model
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Fernerkundung der Landoberfläche (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Heiden, Dr.rer.nat. Uta
Deposited On:08 Sep 2015 12:04
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:31

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