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Analysing velocity data for emergency cars at urban crossroads

Woelki, Marko and Nippold, Ronald and Ruppe, Sten (2015) Analysing velocity data for emergency cars at urban crossroads. In: Disaster Management and Human Health Risk IV. Reducing Risk, Improving Outcomes, pp. 219-229. WIT Press. Disaster Management 2015, 20. - 22. Mai, Istanbul, Türkei. ISBN 978-1-84564-926-5 ISSN 1743-3509 (online)

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Official URL: http://www.witpress.com

Abstract

Concerning disaster management with respect to urban transport, one vital and lifesaving part of this sector is the driving of emergency cars. In urban German areas, firemen have to reach their destination within a legal time of eight minutes within 90% of the cases of emergency. In order to achieve that, they are equipped with special right-of-way when activating their flashing blue light. They can drive with increased speed, they have priority, they can use emergency lanes formed by other cars and they can pass over red traffic lights. However, although they are equipped with these special rights, they have to be careful that no accidents happen and that nobody is injured. Consequently, at each intersec-tion they typically have to reduce their speed. Therefore, it is difficult to predict for a given fire station the actual region that can be reached within the legal time. Obviously, crossings form a major bottleneck along their route. Therefore, the present paper considers real data for emergency cars at crossroads. The velocity data of emergency cars passing the crossroad are compared in case of driving (1) with blue-flashing light and siren, (2) only blue-light driving, and (3) without any signal. The results are a first step towards a realistic prediction of the trajec-tories of emergency cars in case of emergency and help to identify bottlenecks that should be avoided if possible. The results can be used for special routing for emergency cars and are of importance for typical cases of emergency as well as large-scale applications of disaster management.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/97462/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Analysing velocity data for emergency cars at urban crossroads
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Woelki, Markomarko.woelki (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Nippold, Ronaldronald.nippold (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ruppe, StenSten.Ruppe (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:Disaster Management and Human Health Risk IV. Reducing Risk, Improving Outcomes
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 219-229
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Sener, S. M.Istanbul Technical University
Brebbia, C. A.Wessex Institute of Technology
Özcevik, ÖIstanbul Technical University
Publisher:WIT Press
ISSN:1743-3509 (online)
ISBN:978-1-84564-926-5
Status:Published
Keywords:Urban transport, Routing, GPS-data, Velocity profile, Brownian Bridge
Event Title:Disaster Management 2015
Event Location:Istanbul, Türkei
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:20. - 22. Mai
Organizer:Wessex Institute of Technology
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Vabene++ (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Traffic Management
Deposited By: Wölki, Marko
Deposited On:23 Sep 2015 08:30
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:54

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