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Contrail Cirrus Forecasts for the ML-CIRRUS Experiment and Some Comparison Results

Schumann, Ulrich and Graf, Kaspar and Borrmann, Stephan and Bugliaro, Luca and Dörnbrack, Andreas and Giez, Andreas and Jurkat, Tina and Kaufmann, Stefan and Krämer, Martina and Klingebiel, M. and Minikin, Andreas and Molleker, S. and Schäfler, Andreas and Schlage, Romy and Voigt, Christiane and Weigel, Ralf and Wirth, Martin and Zahn, Andreas and Ziereis, Helmut (2015) Contrail Cirrus Forecasts for the ML-CIRRUS Experiment and Some Comparison Results. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2015, 12 – 17 April 2015, Vienna, Austria.

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Official URL: http://www.egu2015.eu/

Abstract

In order to test and possibly improve contrail models, high-quality observations are needed to which multi-parameter model output can be compared. The mid-latitude cirrus experiment ML-CIRRUS was performed (see Voigt et al., this conference) with a suite of in-situ and Lidar instruments for airborne measurements on the research aircraft HALO. Before and during the mission, CoCiP was run daily to provide 3-days forecasts of contrail cover using operational ECMWF forecasts and historical traffic data. CoCiP forecast output was made available in an internet tool twice a day for experiment planning. The one-day and two-day contrail forecasts often showed only small differences. Still, most recent forecast and detailed satellite observations results were transmitted via satellite link to the crew for onboard campaign optimization. After the campaign, a data base of realistic air traffic data has been setup from various sources and CoCiP was rerun with improved ECMWF-NWP data (at one-hour time resolution). The model results are included in the HALO mission data bank and the results are available for comparison to in-situ data. The data are useful for identifying aircraft and other sources for measured air properties. The joint analysis of observations and model result has basically just started. Preliminary results from comparisons with lidar-measured extinction profiles, in-situ measured humidity and nitrogen oxides, and with meteorological observations (wind, temperature etc.) illustrate the expected gain in insight. The contrail forecasts have been checked by comparison to available data including satellite data and HALO observations. During the campaign, it became obvious that predicted contrail cirrus cover compared qualitatively mostly well with what was found when HALO reached predicted cirrus regions. Still considerable case-by-case differences occur, both between predicted and observed meteorology and predicted and observed contrail properties. As expected, nature is far more variable than a model can predict. The observed optical properties of cirrus and contrails vary far more in time and space than predicted. Local values were often far higher or lower than mean values. A one-to-one correlation between local observations and model results is not to be expected. This inhomogeneity may have consequences for the climate impact of aviation induced cloud changes.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/97375/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Contrail Cirrus Forecasts for the ML-CIRRUS Experiment and Some Comparison Results
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schumann, UlrichDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Graf, KasparDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Borrmann, StephanMPI für Chemie, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Bugliaro, LucaDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Dörnbrack, AndreasDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Giez, AndreasDLR, FXUNSPECIFIED
Jurkat, TinaDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Kaufmann, StefanDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Krämer, MartinaFZ JülichUNSPECIFIED
Klingebiel, M.Universität MainzUNSPECIFIED
Minikin, AndreasDLR, FXUNSPECIFIED
Molleker, S.Universität MainzUNSPECIFIED
Schäfler, AndreasDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Schlage, RomyDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Voigt, ChristianeDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Weigel, RalfUniv. Mainz, MainzUNSPECIFIED
Wirth, MartinDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Zahn, Andreasandreas.zahn (at) kit.eduUNSPECIFIED
Ziereis, HelmutDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Date:15 April 2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:17
Page Range:p. 1
Series Name:Geophysical Research Abstracts
Status:Published
Keywords:contrail cirrus prediction experiment ML-CIRRUS CoCiP
Event Title:European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2015
Event Location:Vienna, Austria
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:12 – 17 April 2015
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Flugexperimente > Forschungsflugabteilung Oberpfaffenhofen
Deposited By: Schumann, Prof.Dr.habil. Ulrich
Deposited On:22 Jul 2015 09:36
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:54

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