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On Time, On Target – How the Small Asteroid Lander MASCOT Caught a Ride Aboard HAYABUSA-2 in 3 Years, 1 Week and 48 Hours

Grundmann, Jan Thimo and Hendrikse, Jeffrey (2015) On Time, On Target – How the Small Asteroid Lander MASCOT Caught a Ride Aboard HAYABUSA-2 in 3 Years, 1 Week and 48 Hours. 4th IAA Planetary Defense Conference – PDC 2015, 13.-17. Apr. 2015, Frascati, Roma, Italy.

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Delayed only 3 days by weather, the small asteroid lander MASCOT was launched aboard the Japanese HAYABUSA2 asteroid sample-return mission on December 3 rd , 2014, 04:22 UT, within the first interplanetary launch window. Their target is the near-Earth asteroid (162173) 1999 JU 3. The fully autonomous MASCOT carries four asteroid science instruments, orientation sensors, and an uprighting/relocation mechanism within a shoebox-sized 10 kg spacecraft. Though only an instrument-sized lander, its complexity is comparable to a similarly equipped standalone spacecraft. MASCOT is a fast paced high performance project, developed under strict constraints of volume, mass, available personnel, budget, and accessible infrastructures, to a timely deadline of a celestially fixed launch date. With a model philosophy tailored 'live' at system level, it integrates a unique mix of conventional and tailored model philosophies at units level. A dynamically adapted test programme using Concurrent Assembly Integration and Verification (Concurrent-AIV) kept project risks within acceptable bounds and shortened the system-level AIV phase from the typical 4 to 5 year to 2½ years within a project timeline of 3 years focused on the specific launch opportunity. Here, MASCOT benefited from a preceding phase of a range of lander concept studies at the DLR Bremen Concurrent Engineering Facility since 2008. Within the 3 years project timeline, from the first integrated breadboard model (½ year after first unit-level hardware breadboarding) the MASCOT team has successfully completed approx. 30 MASCOT system level tests, more than 50 additional subunit tests (excluding payloads) as well as approx. 10 test campaigns on its carrier satellite HAYABUSA2. This culminates in almost 100 different test campaigns performed in roughly half the time allocated for such a prototype project which would have followed a standardized way. MASCOT provided useful lessons in assembly, integration, testing and its related management that could be applied to increase the efficiency and decrease the lead time of future interplanetary projects from concept to launch. These lessons may become vital when the first sizeable Earth-impacting asteroid is discovered before its terminal dive. Currently, the MASCOT Flight Spare is planned to be used as Ground Reference Model and to continue functional and environmental testing on system level.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/97111/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:On Time, On Target – How the Small Asteroid Lander MASCOT Caught a Ride Aboard HAYABUSA-2 in 3 Years, 1 Week and 48 Hours
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Grundmann, Jan ThimoUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-0981
Hendrikse, JeffreyAirbus Defense and Space (former Astrium GmbH.), Friedrichshafen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:April 2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:MASCOT, concurrent AIV, constraints-driven design, responsive space missions, HAYABUSA2
Event Title:4th IAA Planetary Defense Conference – PDC 2015
Event Location:Frascati, Roma, Italy
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-17. Apr. 2015
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project MASCOT (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems
Deposited By: Grimm, Christian
Deposited On:09 Jul 2015 12:10
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:53

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