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Noncooperative Rendezvous Using Angles-Only Optical Navigation: System Design and Flight Results

D'Amico, Simone and Ardeans, Jean-Sébastien and Gaias, Gabriella and Benninghoff, Heike and Schlepp, Benjamin and Jörgensen, John (2013) Noncooperative Rendezvous Using Angles-Only Optical Navigation: System Design and Flight Results. Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 36 (6), pp. 1576-1595. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). doi: 10.2514/1.59236. ISSN 0731-5090.

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Official URL: http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/1.59236


This paper presents system design and on-orbit results from the Advanced Rendezvous Demonstration using Global Positioning System and Optical Navigation (ARGON). ARGON has been conducted during the extended phase of the Prototype Research Instruments and Space Mission Technology Advancement (PRISMA) mission in April 2012. It represents one of the first rendezvous technology experiments using line of sight measurements from optical navigation and was motivated by the new generation of on-orbit-servicing and debris-removal missions which are discussed at national and international level. Its primary goal was to demonstrate the capability of an active servicer spacecraft to safely approach and rendezvous a non-cooperative passive client using angles-only optical navigation in a ground-in-the-loop fashion. To this end, a dedicated flight dynamics system has been developed for routine processing of the camera images collected on-board, for estimation of the relative orbit of the servicer with respect to the client vehicle, for maneuver planning and commanding. Despite the inherent difficulty to estimate the actual range to target through angles-only measurements and the constraints affecting the communication between ground-station and servicer, ARGON demonstrated an efficient and safe rendezvous from 30 km to the final hold point at 3 km mean separation selected before experiment start. This was possible due to the achieved relative navigation accuracy in combination with a guidance strategy based on the relative eccentricity/inclination vector separation method. As shown in the paper, the availability of independent and precise navigation information from carrier-phase differential Global Positioning System techniques gave the possibility to properly evaluate the achieved performance and cross-compare different relative navigation sensors after the conclusion of the technology demonstration.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/97104/
Document Type:Article
Title:Noncooperative Rendezvous Using Angles-Only Optical Navigation: System Design and Flight Results
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
D'Amico, Simonesimone.damico (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ardeans, Jean-Sébastienjean-sebastien.ardaens (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Gaias, Gabriellagabriella.gaias (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Benninghoff, HeikeDLRUNSPECIFIED
Schlepp, Benjaminbenjamin.schlepp (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.2514/1.59236
Page Range:pp. 1576-1595
Publisher:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
Keywords:rendezvous, optical navigation, on-orbit servicing, angles-only navigation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Infrastruktur und Unterstützung für Raumflugbetrieb (old), R - Vorhaben On-Orbit Servicing - GNC und VR (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training > Space Flight Technology
Deposited By: Benninghoff, Heike
Deposited On:07 Jul 2015 16:57
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:44

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