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Atmospheric extinction in solar tower plants: the Absorption and Broadband Correction for MOR measurements

Hanrieder, Natalie and Wilbert, Stefan and Pitz-Paal, Robert and Emde, C. and Gasteiger, J. and Mayer, Bernhard and Polo, Jesus (2015) Atmospheric extinction in solar tower plants: the Absorption and Broadband Correction for MOR measurements. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 8 (5), pp. 4737-4768. Copernicus Publications. DOI: 10.5194/amtd-8-4737-2015 ISSN 1867-8610

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Official URL: http://www.atmos-meas-tech-discuss.net/8/issue5.html

Abstract

Losses of reflected Direct Normal Irradiance due to atmospheric extinction in concentrating solar tower plants can vary significantly with site and time. The losses of the direct normal irradiance between the heliostat field and receiver in a solar tower plant 5 are mainly caused by atmospheric scattering and absorption by aerosol and water vapor concentration in the atmospheric boundary layer. Due to a high aerosol particle number, radiation losses can be significantly larger in desert environments compared to the standard atmospheric conditions which are usually considered in raytracing or plant optimization tools. Information about on-site atmospheric extinction is only rarely 10 available. To measure these radiation losses, two different commercially available instruments were tested and more than 19 months of measurements were collected at the Plataforma Solar de Almería and compared. Both instruments are primarily used to determine the meteorological optical range (MOR). The Vaisala FS11 scatterometer is based on a monochromatic near-infrared light source emission and measures the 15 strength of scattering processes in a small air volume mainly caused by aerosol particles. The Optec LPV4 long-path visibility transmissometer determines the monochromatic attenuation between a light-emitting diode (LED) light source at 532nm and a receiver and therefore also accounts for absorption processes. As the broadband solar attenuation is of interest for solar resource assessment for Concentrating Solar Power 20 (CSP), a correction procedure for these two instruments is developed and tested. This procedure includes a spectral correction of both instruments from monochromatic to broadband attenuation. That means the attenuation is corrected for the actual, timedependent by the collector reflected solar spectrum. Further, an absorption correction for the Vaisala FS11 scatterometer is implemented. To optimize the Absorption and 25 Broadband Correction (ABC) procedure, additional measurement input of a nearby sun photometer is used to enhance on-site atmospheric assumptions for description of the atmosphere in the algorithm. Comparing both uncorrected and spectral- and absorption-corrected extinction data from one year measurements at the Plataforma Solar de Almería, the mean difference between the scatterometer and the transmissometer is reduced from 4.4 to 0.6 %. Applying the ABC procedure without the usage of additional input data from a sun photometer still reduces the difference between both sensors to about 0.8 %. Applying an expert guess assuming a standard aerosol profile 5 for continental regions instead of additional sun photometer input results in a mean difference of 0.81 %. Therefore, applying this new correction method, both instruments can now be utilized to determine the solar broadband extinction in tower plants sufficiently accurate.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/96925/
Document Type:Article
Title:Atmospheric extinction in solar tower plants: the Absorption and Broadband Correction for MOR measurements
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hanrieder, Natalienatalie.hanrieder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wilbert, Stefanstefan.wilbert (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Pitz-Paal, Robertrobert.pitz-paal (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Emde, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gasteiger, J.LMU, MünchenUNSPECIFIED
Mayer, BernhardUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Polo, JesusCIEMATUNSPECIFIED
Date:17 May 2015
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:8
DOI :10.5194/amtd-8-4737-2015
Page Range:pp. 4737-4768
Publisher:Copernicus Publications
ISSN:1867-8610
Status:Published
Keywords:atmospheric extinction, direct normal irradiance, radiation loss
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Systems (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Qualification (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Qualifizierung
Deposited By: Kruschinski, Anja
Deposited On:30 Jun 2015 13:08
Last Modified:02 May 2019 14:15

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