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The Deep Propagating Gravity Wave Experiment (DEEPWAVE): An Airborne and Ground-Based Exploration of Gravity Wave Propagation and Effects from their Sources throughout the Lower and Middle Atmosphere

Fritts, David C. and Smith, Ronald B. and Taylor, M. and Doyle, James D. and Eckermann, Stephen D. and Dörnbrack, Andreas and Rapp, Markus and Williams, Bifford P. and Pautet, D. and Bossert, Katrina and Criddle, Neal R. and Reynolds, Carolyn A. and Reinecke, P. Alex and Uddstrom, Michael and Revell, Michael J. and Turner, Richard and Kaifler, Bernd and Wagner, Johannes S. and Mixa, Tyler and Kruse, Christopher G. and Nugent, Alison D. and Watson, Campbell D. and Gisinger, Sonja and Smith, Steven M. and Lieberman, Ruth S. and Laughman, B. and Moore, James J. and Brown, William O. and Haggerty, Julie A. and Rockwell, Alison and Stossmeister, Gregory J. and Williams, Steven F. and Hernandez, Gonzalo and Murphy, Damian J. and Klekociuk, Andrew R. and Reid, Iain M. and Ma, Jun (2016) The Deep Propagating Gravity Wave Experiment (DEEPWAVE): An Airborne and Ground-Based Exploration of Gravity Wave Propagation and Effects from their Sources throughout the Lower and Middle Atmosphere. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, pp. 1-30. American Meteorological Society. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00269.1 ISSN 0003-0007

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Official URL: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00269.1

Abstract

The DEEPWAVE experiment was designed to quantify gravity wave (GW) dynamics and effects from orographic and other sources to regions of dissipation at high altitudes. The core DEEPWAVE field phase took place from May through July 2014 using a comprehensive suite of airborne and ground-based instruments providing measurements from Earth’s surface to ~100 km. Austral winter was chosen to observe deep GW propagation to high altitudes. DEEPWAVE was based on South Island, New Zealand to provide access to the New Zealand and Tasmania “hotspots” of GW activity and additional GW sources over the Southern Ocean and Tasman Sea. To observe GWs up to ~100 km, DEEPWAVE utilized three new instruments built specifically for the NSF/NCAR Gulfstream V (GV): a Rayleigh lidar, a sodium resonance lidar, and an advanced mesosphere temperature mapper. These measurements were supplemented by in-situ probes, dropsondes, and a microwave temperature profiler on the GV and by in-situ probes and a Doppler lidar aboard the German DLR Falcon. Extensive ground-based instrumentation and radiosondes were deployed on South Island, Tasmania, and Southern Ocean islands. Deep orographic GWs were a primary target, but multiple flights also observed deep GWs arising from deep convection, jet streams, and frontal systems. Highlights include the following: 1) strong orographic GW forcing accompanying strong cross-mountain flows, 2) strong high-altitude responses even when orographic forcing was weak, 3) large-scale GWs at high altitudes arising from jet stream sources, and 4) significant flight-level energy fluxes and often very large momentum fluxes at high altitudes.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/96852/
Document Type:Article
Title:The Deep Propagating Gravity Wave Experiment (DEEPWAVE): An Airborne and Ground-Based Exploration of Gravity Wave Propagation and Effects from their Sources throughout the Lower and Middle Atmosphere
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Fritts, David C.GATS Inc./BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Smith, Ronald B.Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USAUNSPECIFIED
Taylor, M.Utah State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Doyle, James D.Naval Research Lab., Monterey, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Eckermann, Stephen D.NRL Washington, D.C., USAUNSPECIFIED
Dörnbrack, AndreasDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Rapp, MarkusDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Williams, Bifford P.GATS Inc./BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Pautet, D.Utah State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Bossert, KatrinaGATS Inc./BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Criddle, Neal R.Utah State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Reynolds, Carolyn A.Naval Research Lab., Monterey, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Reinecke, P. AlexNaval Research Lab., Monterey, CA, USAUNSPECIFIED
Uddstrom, MichaelNIWA, New ZealandUNSPECIFIED
Revell, Michael J.NIWA, New ZealandUNSPECIFIED
Turner, RichardNIWA, New ZealandUNSPECIFIED
Kaifler, BerndDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, Johannes S.DLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Mixa, TylerGATS Inc./BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Kruse, Christopher G.Yale University, New Haven, CTUNSPECIFIED
Nugent, Alison D.Yale University, New Haven, CTUNSPECIFIED
Watson, Campbell D.Yale University, New Haven, CTUNSPECIFIED
Gisinger, SonjaDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Smith, Steven M.Boston University, Boston, MAUNSPECIFIED
Lieberman, Ruth S.GATS Inc./BoulderUNSPECIFIED
Laughman, B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Moore, James J.NCAR/EOL, Boulder, COUNSPECIFIED
Brown, William O.NCAR/EOL, Boulder, COUNSPECIFIED
Haggerty, Julie A.NCAR/EOL, Boulder, COUNSPECIFIED
Rockwell, AlisonNCAR/EOL, Boulder, COUNSPECIFIED
Stossmeister, Gregory J.NCAR/EOL, Boulder, COUNSPECIFIED
Williams, Steven F.NCAR/EOL, Boulder, COUNSPECIFIED
Hernandez, GonzaloUniversity of Washington, WAUNSPECIFIED
Murphy, Damian J.Australian Antarctic Division, Hobart, TasmaniaUNSPECIFIED
Klekociuk, Andrew R.Australian Antarctic Division, Hobart, TasmaniaUNSPECIFIED
Reid, Iain M.University of Adelaide, Adelaide, AustraliaUNSPECIFIED
Ma, JunComputational Physics, Inc., Springfield, VAUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Journal or Publication Title:Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00269.1
Page Range:pp. 1-30
Publisher:American Meteorological Society
ISSN:0003-0007
Status:Published
Keywords:Gravity Wave DEEPWAVE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Transport Meteorology
Deposited By: Kaifler, Dr. Natalie
Deposited On:01 Jul 2015 08:59
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:53

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