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Potential High-Temperature Industrial Process Heat Applications for Concentrating Solar Technology in South Africa

Uhlig, Ralf and Amsbeck, Lars and Buck, Reiner and Gobereit, Birgit and Schwarzbözl, Peter (2015) Potential High-Temperature Industrial Process Heat Applications for Concentrating Solar Technology in South Africa. SASEC 2015, 11 - 13 May 2015, Kruger National Park, South Africa.

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South Africa has the largest and most developed economy and the highest energy consumption on the continent. 72% of the primary energy is provided by coal, making South Africa the leading carbon dioxide emitter in Africa and the 14th largest in the world. As the amount of South Africa’s proved crude oil reserves is very small, synthetic fuels derived from coal and natural gas in its coal-to-liquid and gas-to-liquid plants make up roughly 90% of the country’s domestic petroleum production. However, just one third of the total petroleum demand can be met by the production and the other two third has to be imported and processed in the local oil refineries. Using Concentrated Solar Thermal (CST) technology, especially solar tower systems, could have the potential to substitute fossil fuels by solar energy, as South Africa is exposed to one of the highest direct normal irradiance (DNI) in the world. There are several technologies able to deliver high temperature heat. They differ by heat transfer media, system temperature and the system pressure. Direct or indirect heat storing allows a high solar share while an easy hybridization with fossil fuels guarantees 100% availability. One promising technology, for example, uses small ceramic particles as heat transfer and storage media. The particles can be heated up to 1000°C and later be used for production of hot air. A very simple and therefore robust technology uses ambient air which is heated up to 750°C for direct use in a pre- heating process or storing the heat in regenerator storage. Another technological approach uses the rejected heat of a solarized gas turbine with temperatures up to 650°C as process heat. The benefit of such a system is the combined generation of electricity and heat. Storage can be included at the pressurized side allowing high solar share or by using a regenerator on the hot exhaust stream. The diversity of processes and consumers requires an individual selection of the technology and a layout adapted to the specific consumer needs. The paper presents the different available technologies to show the potential using CST for process heat using air with temperatures above 600°C.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/96839/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Potential High-Temperature Industrial Process Heat Applications for Concentrating Solar Technology in South Africa
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Gobereit, BirgitUNSPECIFIEDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-1952-9209UNSPECIFIED
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:solar process heat, high temperature, particle receiver, volumetric receiver, solar-hybrid gas turbine, thermal storage
Event Title:SASEC 2015
Event Location:Kruger National Park, South Africa
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:11 - 13 May 2015
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Systems (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Point-Focusing Systems (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Punktfokussierende Systeme
Deposited By: Uhlig, Tamara
Deposited On:30 Jun 2015 12:18
Last Modified:11 Jan 2018 13:29

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