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Crown density of over- and understory in mixed forest stands as explained by airborne LiDAR metrics

Latifi, Hooman and Heurich, Marco and Hartig, Florian and Krzystek, Peter and Jehl, Hans and Dech, Stefan (2015) Crown density of over- and understory in mixed forest stands as explained by airborne LiDAR metrics. In: 36th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment. The 36th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment (ISRSE), 11. - 15. Mai 2015, Berlin.

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Abstract

Forest over- and understory, including different woody and herbaceous plant layers provide important habitats in forests. In temperate forests the highest richness in plants is regularly found in the understorey. The understory also provides important food and shelter for other species. Moreover it can be a crucial factor for the fuel available to forest fires. In temperate forests the highest richness in plants is regularly found in the understorey. Mapping understory characteristics is therefore of high interest for forest managers and conservationists. Despite significant progress of remote sensing in forests detecting the understory cover is still a challenge, as passive sensors do not penetrate down to the forest ground layer. 3D metrics extracted from Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) provide an alternative. Here, we evaluate this method for describing the vegetation density of over- and understory layers (trees and shrubs as well as the ground herbal vegetation the mixed stands of a large protected area in South-eastern Germany. We used the metrics to describe the coverage degrees of woody layers (trees and shrubs) as well as the ground layer, mainly in combination with the existing habitat types. The Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) was applied to select LiDAR and habitat type predictors to arrive at a parsimonious regression model for each forest layer. The results allowed to identify LiDAR metrics which showed significant correlations with the vegetation density in the different over-and understory layers. Moreover, we found several interactions between the LiDAR metrics and the forest habitat types, suggesting that the relationship between LiDAR predictors and vegetation density depends on forest type. Whereas the canopy and the herb layer showed strong correlations with the applied LiDAR metrics, descriptive power was lower for the intermediate forest layers. The selected regression models were applied for making spatial predictions over the entire study area. This study highlights the value of selected LiDAR metrics in characterizing key forest structure components with wide spatial extend which are important from both the wildlife and the forest management perspectives.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/96832/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Crown density of over- and understory in mixed forest stands as explained by airborne LiDAR metrics
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Latifi, Hoomanhooman.latifi (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Heurich, MarcoBavarian Forest National Park, Department of ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Hartig, Florianflorian.hartig (at) biom.uni-freiburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Krzystek, PeterMunich University of Applied Sciences, Department of GeoinformaticsUNSPECIFIED
Jehl, Hanshans.jehl (at) npv-bw.bayern.deUNSPECIFIED
Dech, Stefanstefan.dech (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:36th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Series Name:The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences (ISPRS Archives)
Status:Published
Keywords:over- and understory, full waveform LiDAR, linear regression, habitat, Bavarian forests
Event Title:The 36th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment (ISRSE)
Event Location:Berlin
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:11. - 15. Mai 2015
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
Deposited By: Wöhrl, Monika
Deposited On:18 Aug 2015 10:22
Last Modified:18 Aug 2015 10:22

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