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Considerations on the H2 desorption process for a combination reactor based on metal and complex hydrides

Bürger, Inga and Bhouri, Maha and Linder, Marc (2015) Considerations on the H2 desorption process for a combination reactor based on metal and complex hydrides. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40 (22), pp. 7072-7082. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.03.136 ISSN 0360-3199

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03603199/40/22


Hydrogen storage systems based on the combination reactor concept are promising for application of future complex hydride materials with high storage capacities and low reaction kinetics at moderate operating temperatures. In such reactors, a fast reacting metal hydride is added to a complex hydride material in a separate compartment of the tank combining the advantages of the high storage capacity of the complex hydride with the high reaction rate of the metal hydride. In the present publication, three issues regarding the desorption performance of such a reactor are discussed based on analytical considerations and 1D simulations. First, it is studied whether the optimal reactor design based on a tubular geometry that has been previously determined for the absorption reaction also enables satisfying desorption performances. It can be concluded from the corresponding simulations that based on the properties of the present reference materials LaNi4.3Al0.4Mn0.7 and 2 LiNH2–1.1 MgH2–0.1LiBH4–3 wt.% ZrCoH3, the hydrogen desorption performance of the materials in this reaction geometry is good. Second, it is shown that besides the geometry of the reactor, also its module size is important, as it can be crucial for the thermal management during the desorption. A methodology was developed that allows to analytically determine a first estimate for the best minimum module size configuration – only based on the desorption rate of the basic material. This approach is confirmed by time dependent 1D simulations applying a validated model for the reference materials. Third, the influence of a realistic periodic desorption load on the performance of a combination reactor is studied. The results clearly show that since the addition of a MeH material enables much smaller module sizes, it is advantageous for the thermal management of complex hydride based reactors and increases their flexibility.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/96267/
Document Type:Article
Title:Considerations on the H2 desorption process for a combination reactor based on metal and complex hydrides
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Bürger, Ingainga.buerger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bhouri, Mahamaha.bhouri (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Linder, Marcmarc.linder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:24 April 2015
Journal or Publication Title:International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.03.136
Page Range:pp. 7072-7082
Keywords:Complex hydride; Metal hydride; Combination multi./tubular reactor; Modelling; Desorption
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Fahrzeugenergiesystem III (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Thermal Process Technology
Deposited By: Bürger, Inga
Deposited On:11 Jun 2015 10:23
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:53

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