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Statistical mechanics where Newton’s third law is broken

Ivlev, Alexei and Bartnick, J. and Heinen, M. and Du, C.-R. and Nosenko, V. and Löwen, Hartmut (2015) Statistical mechanics where Newton’s third law is broken. Physical Review X, 5 (1), 011035-1. American Physical Society. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.5.011035 ISSN 2160-3308

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Official URL: http://journals.aps.org/prx/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevX.5.011035

Abstract

There is a variety of situations in which Newton’s third law is violated. Generally, the action-reaction symmetry can be broken for mesoscopic particles, when their effective interactions are mediated by a nonequilibrium environment. Here, we investigate different classes of nonreciprocal interactions relevant to real experimental situations and present their basic statistical mechanics analysis.We show that in mixtures of particles with such interactions, distinct species acquire distinct kinetic temperatures. In certain cases, the nonreciprocal systems are exactly characterized by a pseudo-Hamiltonian; i.e., being intrinsically nonequilibrium, they can nevertheless be described in terms of equilibrium statistical mechanics. Our results have profound implications, in particular, demonstrating the possibility to generate extreme temperature gradients on the particle scale. We verify the principal theoretical predictions in experimental tests performed with two-dimensional binary complex plasmas.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/96221/
Document Type:Article
Title:Statistical mechanics where Newton’s third law is broken
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ivlev, AlexeiMax-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, 85748 Garching, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Bartnick, J.Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Heinen, M.Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Du, C.-R.College of Science, Donghua University, Shanghai, ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Nosenko, V.v.nosenko (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Löwen, HartmutHeinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:Physical Review X
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:5
DOI :10.1103/PhysRevX.5.011035
Page Range:011035-1
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:2160-3308
Status:Published
Keywords:statistical mechanics, nonreciprocal interaction, complex plasma
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Komplexe Plasmen / Laboratory research
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Research Group Complex Plasma
Deposited By: Nosenko, Volodymyr
Deposited On:18 May 2015 11:12
Last Modified:18 May 2015 11:12

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