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Urban transformation in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, India: The emergence and growth of slums?

Jain, M and Knieling, J and Taubenböck, Hannes (2015) Urban transformation in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, India: The emergence and growth of slums? Habitat International, 48, pp. 87-96. Elsevier. ISSN 0197-3975

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0197397515000685

Abstract

In the 20th and 21st centuries, the world has experienced rapid urbanization and slum proliferation. Slum residents form a significant portion of urban populations and contribute to the development of cities. However, due to their highly concentrated consumption and waste production patterns, slums endure and exacerbate, among other things, environmental degradation. To date, our understanding of slums in Indian cities has been primarily based on census data and evidence from remote sensing images. These data do not yet provide spatial slum dynamics over time and are limited to static and statistical representation. In addition to the obsolescence of spatial data, the non-availability of consistent socio-economic data leads to data integration problems. Therefore, new approaches that consider the scar-city of data and the choice of analytical techniques are needed; planners without advanced technical training should also be able to easily apply these approaches. This study provides a comprehensive approach to examine the urban transformation of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT-Delhi), India, from 1971 to 2011. Combining data from multi-temporal remote sensing images, census population statistics, slum enumeration and the provision of essential services, these investigations reveal a pre-viously undocumented rapid increase in built-up areas outside municipal boundaries. The findings confirm the spatial shift of slums from the city center towards the periphery. The analysis provides a revealing insight: the emergence and growth of slums are outcomes of the prevailing urban planning environment, the limited success of adopted policies and the government's inability to foster growth.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/96193/
Document Type:Article
Title:Urban transformation in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, India: The emergence and growth of slums?
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Jain, MHafenCity University HamburgUNSPECIFIED
Knieling, JHafenCity University HamburgUNSPECIFIED
Taubenböck, Hanneshannes.taubenboeck (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:26 March 2015
Journal or Publication Title:Habitat International
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:48
Page Range:pp. 87-96
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0197-3975
Status:Published
Keywords:South Asia, Urban transformation, Slums, Municipal boundaries Essential services Census data, Urban remote sensing,
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Zivile Kriseninformation und Georisiken (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Taubenböck, Dr. Hannes
Deposited On:18 Jun 2015 09:23
Last Modified:18 Jun 2015 09:23

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