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Optical Methods for Studies of Self-Excited Oscillations and the Effect of Dampers in a High Pressure Single Sector Combustor

Meier, Ulrich and Lange, Lena and Heinze, Johannes and Hassa, Christoph and Sadig, Sermed and Luff, Darren (2014) Optical Methods for Studies of Self-Excited Oscillations and the Effect of Dampers in a High Pressure Single Sector Combustor. In: Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, 4A, V04AT04A060. ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, 16.-20- Jun. 2014, Düsseldorf. DOI: 10.1115/GT2014-25873 ISBN 978-0-7918-4568-4

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Official URL: http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=1907940

Abstract

Self-excited periodic instabilities in a staged lean burn injector could be forced by operating the combustor at off-design conditions. These pressure oscillations were studied in a high pressure single sector combustor with optical access. Two damper configurations were installed and tested with respect to their damping efficiency in relation to the configuration without dampers. For a variety of test conditions, derived from a part load case, time traces of pressure in the combustor were measured, and amplitudes were derived from their Fourier transformation. These measurements were performed for several combinations of the operating parameters, i.e., injector pressure drop, air/fuel ratio, pilot/main fuel split and preheat temperature. These tests “ranked” the respective damper configurations and their individual efficiency with respect to the configuration without dampers. Although a general trend could be observed, the ranking was not strictly consistent for all operating conditions. For several test cases, preferably with pronounced self-excited pressure oscillations, phase-resolved planar optical measurement techniques were applied to investigate the change of spatial structures of fuel, reaction zones and temperature distributions over a period of an oscillation. A pulsating motion was detected for both pilot and main flame, driven by a pulsating transport of the liquid fuel. This pulsation, in turn, is caused by a fluctuating air velocity, in connection with a prefilming airblast type atomizer. A phase shift between pilot and main injector heat release was observed, corresponding to a shift of fuel penetration. Local Rayleigh indices were calculated qualitatively, based on phase-resolved OH chemiluminescence used as marker for heat release, and corresponding pressure values. This identified regions, where a local amplification of pressure oscillations occurred. These regions were largely identical to the reaction regions of pilot and main injector, whereas the recirculation zone between the injector flows was found to exhibit a damping effect.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/94604/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Optical Methods for Studies of Self-Excited Oscillations and the Effect of Dampers in a High Pressure Single Sector Combustor
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Meier, Ulrichulrich.meier (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lange, LenaLena.Lange (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Heinze, Johannesjohannes.heinze (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hassa, Christophchristoph.hassa (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sadig, SermedRolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG, Blankenfelde-MahlowUNSPECIFIED
Luff, DarrenRolls-Royce Plc UKUNSPECIFIED
Date:June 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:4A
DOI :10.1115/GT2014-25873
Page Range:V04AT04A060
Series Name:ASME Proceedings: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions
ISBN:978-0-7918-4568-4
Status:Published
Keywords:combustion diagnostics, fuel injector, aeroengine, high pressure combustion, laser diagnostics, pressure oscillation, staged combustor
Event Title:ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
Event Location:Düsseldorf
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:16.-20- Jun. 2014
Organizer:International Gas Turbine Institute
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:propulsion systems
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L ER - Engine Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Combusion Chamber Technologies (old), L - Virtual Engine and Validation methods
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Propulsion Technology > Combustor
Institute of Propulsion Technology > Engine Measurement Systems
Deposited By: Willert, Dr.phil. Christian
Deposited On:16 Jan 2015 14:47
Last Modified:05 Feb 2018 11:00

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