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BIOMEX: Three different steps to approach a systematic determination of habitats and stable biosignatures in space- and Mars-like environments

de Vera, Jean Pierre Paul and Böttger, Ute and Lorek, Andreas and Wolter, D. and Hübers, Heinz-Wilhelm and de la Torre Noetzel, R. and Sánchez Iñigo, F.J. and Billi, D. and Baqué, M. and Verseux, C. and Rettberg, Petra and Rabbow, Elke and Panitz, C. and Reitz, G. and Berger, T. and Möller, R. and Bohmeier, M. and Leuko, S. and Horneck, G. and Westall, F. and Jänchen, J. and Fritz, J. and Meyer, C. and Onofri, S. and Selbmann, L. and Zucconi, L. and Pacelli, C. and Kozyrovska, N. and Leya, T. and Foing, B. and Demets, R. and Cockell, C.S. and Bryce, C. and Olsson-Francis, K. and Wagner, D. and Serrano, P. and Edwards, H.G.M. and Joshi, J. and Huwe, B. and Grossniklaus, U. and Rövekamp, M. and Ehrenfreund, P. and Elsaesser, A. and Schulze-Makuch, D. and Feyh, N. and Szewzyk, U. and Ott, S. and Meessen, J. (2014) BIOMEX: Three different steps to approach a systematic determination of habitats and stable biosignatures in space- and Mars-like environments. EANA 2014, 13.-16. Okt. 2014, Edinburgh, UK.

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Official URL: http://www.astrobiology.ac.uk/files/2013/03/Abstract-Book-EANA.pdf

Abstract

BIOMEX (Biology and Mars Experiment) is a space experiment on the exposure platform EXPOSER2 launched by the Progress 56 mission on 24 July and placed on the outer side of the Russian Zvezda Module of the International Space Station (ISS). Twenty-five international institutes are working together and sharing different methods, planetary simulation facilities, and logistics to obtain information about the vitality of the tested microorganisms and the stability of biomolecules as possible biosignatures. This experiment comprises three investigational steps from the field to space: (i) field work with sample collection and habitat characterization at field sites with or without Mars analogy, (ii) Mars simulation experiments in the lab and (iii) exposure to real space conditions. For the second and third steps some of the microorganisms and bio-molecules are embedded in Marsanalog regolith mixtures, placed in compartments enriched with Mars-like CO 2 -atmosphere and exposed to solar irradiation levels approaching those affecting the surface of Mars to test habitability on Mars, as well as the ability to detect the selected, Mars-exposed bio-molecules. One of the aims of this experiment is to investigate the specific bio-related spectra of resistant molecules obtained by fluorescence analysis, Raman-spectroscopy, IR- and UV/VIS spectrometry before and after simulated and real space exposure. The obtained database of stable bio-molecules will support future exploration missions to Mars whose main goal is the search for life.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/94149/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:BIOMEX: Three different steps to approach a systematic determination of habitats and stable biosignatures in space- and Mars-like environments
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
de Vera, Jean Pierre Pauljean-pierre.devera (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Böttger, UteUte.Boettger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Lorek, AndreasAndreas.Lorek (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8960-6214
Wolter, D.David.Wolter (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hübers, Heinz-WilhelmHeinz-Wilhelm.Huebers (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
de la Torre Noetzel, R.Department of Earth Observation, Area of Atmospheric Research and Instrumentation, INTA, 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Sánchez Iñigo, F.J.Department of Earth Observation, Spanish Aerospace Research Establishment-INTA, Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain.UNSPECIFIED
Billi, D.Department of Biology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata," Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Baqué, M.Department of Biology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata," Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Verseux, C.Department of Biology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata," Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Rettberg, PetraPetra.Rettberg (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4439-2395
Rabbow, ElkeElke.Rabbow (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9301-2021
Panitz, C.RWTH Aachen, Kullenhofstraße 52, Aachen 52074, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Reitz, G.Radiation Biology Department, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Linder Hoehe, 51147 Cologne (Köln), GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Berger, T.German Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Möller, R.German Aerospace Center, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Bohmeier, M.Radiation Biology Department, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Leuko, S.German Aerospace Center (DLR e V.), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Research Group “Astrobiology”, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, Germany, stefan.leuko (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Horneck, G.Gerda.Horneck (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Westall, F.Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, Orléans, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Jänchen, J.TH Wildau, Technical University of Applied Sciences, Wildau, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Fritz, J.Museum für Naturkunde, Leibnitz Institut für Naturkunde an der Humboldt Univ.-Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Meyer, C.Horizontereignis gUG, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Onofri, S.DECOS, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Largo dell’Università, Viterbo, Italy;UNSPECIFIED
Selbmann, L.DECOS, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Largo dell’Università, Viterbo, Italy;UNSPECIFIED
Zucconi, L.DECOS, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Largo dell’Università, Viterbo, Italy;UNSPECIFIED
Pacelli, C.DECOS, Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Largo dell’Università, Viterbo, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Kozyrovska, N.Institute of Molecular Biology&Genetics of National Academy of Sciences, Kyiv, UkraineUNSPECIFIED
Leya, T.Fraunhofer IZI-BB, Potsdam, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Foing, B.European Space Agency, ESTEC, Research and Scientific Support Department, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Demets, R.ESA (European Space Agency),ESTEC, Noordwijk, the NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Cockell, C.S.University of Edinburgh, UKUNSPECIFIED
Bryce, C.University of Edinburgh, UKUNSPECIFIED
Olsson-Francis, K.The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, D.Geoforschungszentrum, PotsdamUNSPECIFIED
Serrano, P.Geoforschungszentrum, PotsdamUNSPECIFIED
Edwards, H.G.M.Chemical and Forensic Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Bradford, Bradford BD7 1DP, UK e-mail: h.g.m.edwards (at) bradford.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Joshi, J.University of Potsdam, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Huwe, B.University of Potsdam, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Grossniklaus, U.University of Zürich, SchweizUNSPECIFIED
Rövekamp, M.University of Zürich, SchweizUNSPECIFIED
Ehrenfreund, P.University of Leiden, Leiden, NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Elsaesser, A.Leiden Institute of Chemistry, PO Box 9502, 2300 Leiden, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Schulze-Makuch, D.TU Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Feyh, N.Institut für Umwelttechnologie, TU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Szewzyk, U.Institut für Umwelttechnologie, TU BerlinUNSPECIFIED
Ott, S.Institute of Botany, Heinrich-Heine-University, Universitätsstr.1, 40225 Düsseldorf, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Meessen, J.Heinrich-Heine-Universität, DüsseldorfUNSPECIFIED
Date:13 October 2014
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars analog field research; biosignatures; space experiments; BIOMEX; Mars simulation
Event Title:EANA 2014
Event Location:Edinburgh, UK
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-16. Okt. 2014
Organizer:UK Astrobiology Centre
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof , Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Experimentelle Planetenphysik
Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: de Vera, Dr. Jean Pierre Paul
Deposited On:07 Jan 2015 08:41
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:51

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