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Adaptively Steered Antenna Array and Receiver Testing with Multi-RF Output GNSS Simulator NavXR -NCS Professional

Lueck, T. and Heinrichs, G. and Hornbostel, A. (2014) Adaptively Steered Antenna Array and Receiver Testing with Multi-RF Output GNSS Simulator NavXR -NCS Professional. ION GNSS+ 2014, 8.-12. Sept. 2014, Tampa, USA.

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Abstract

The NavX-NCS Professional GNSS Simulator may be fitted with up to 4 independent RF outputs. Potentially multiple RF outputs could be used to simulate multiple vehicles (for example, for real time kinematic (RTK) or formation flying scenarios), or multiple antennas on the same vehicle (for example, for attitude determination scenarios), or for separate elements of a Controlled Reception Pattern Antenna (CRPA). In addition to the independent RF outputs the Simulator would also be fitted with a combined RF output for standard single output testing. Tests are performed with the GALANT multi-antenna GNSS receiver developed by DLR. GALANT utilities an array antenna with four radiator elements and applies adaptive array processing after correlation of the signals of each of the four antenna channels. Because the array processing is applied after correlation, the directions of arrival of the GNSS satellite can be estimated and individual antenna beams can be adaptively steered to the satellites in view by adaptive digital beam forming. Additionally, strong interference signals are suppressed by generation of nulls during the beam forming process. By comparison of the estimated satellite directions with the known satellite positions from the decoded almanac the attitude of the array itself can be determined. In order to achieve a high accuracy in the direction of arrival estimations and the attitude determination a continuous calibration of the differential carrier phases between the four receiver hardware channels is performed by utilization of a special PRN code. The achieved accuracy is about 1°. For real antenna measurements the calibration PRN code is generated internally within the receiver, mixed up to RF and fed into four calibration inputs of the array antenna. However, in the hardware simulations no antenna is used and the simulator signals are directly fed into the receiver RF frontend. Therefore, the calibration code is generated by the NavX-NCS simulator. Exemplary results of different static and dynamic test scenarios will be presented

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/93983/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Adaptively Steered Antenna Array and Receiver Testing with Multi-RF Output GNSS Simulator NavXR -NCS Professional
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Lueck, T.IfEN GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Heinrichs, G.IfEN GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Hornbostel, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:8 September 2014
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:GNSS, Array processing, Antenna, Simulation, Interference
Event Title:ION GNSS+ 2014
Event Location:Tampa, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:8.-12. Sept. 2014
Organizer:Institute of Navigation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Communication and Navigation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R KN - Kommunikation und Navigation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project Dependable Navigation
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation
Deposited By: Hornbostel, Dr.-Ing. Achim
Deposited On:05 Jan 2015 11:30
Last Modified:12 Feb 2015 09:49

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