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Spectral diversity and photometric behavior of main-belt and near-Earth vestoids and (4) Vesta: A study in preparation for the Dawn encounter

Hicks, M.D. and Buratti, B.J. and Lawrence, K. J. and Hillier, J. K. and Li, J. Y. and Reddy, V. and Schröder, S.E. and Nathues, A. and Hoffmann, M. and Le Corre, L. and Duffard, R. and Zhao, H.-B. and Raymond, C.A. and Russell, C.T. and Roatsch, Thomas and Jaumann, R. and Rhoades, H. and Mayes, D. and Barajas, T. and Truong, T.-T. and Foster, J. and McAuley, A. (2014) Spectral diversity and photometric behavior of main-belt and near-Earth vestoids and (4) Vesta: A study in preparation for the Dawn encounter. Icarus, 235, pp. 60-74. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2013.11.011 ISSN 0019-1035

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0019103513004740

Abstract

In anticipation of the Dawn Mission to 4 Vesta, we conducted a ground-based campaign of Bessel BVRI filter photometry of five V-type near-Earth asteroids over a wide range of solar phase angles. We also obtained medium-resolution optical spectroscopy (0.38 μm < λ < 0.92 μm; R ∼ 500) of sixteen near-Earth and main-belt V-type asteroids in order to investigate their spectral diversity and to draw connections between spacecraft data of Vesta and V-type asteroids. Our disk-integrated photometry extended the excursion in solar phase angle beyond the maximum of 24° available from Earth for Vesta to 87°, which is more typical of the geometry during the Dawn approach and mapping phases. The majority of our broad-band observations were obtained at the JPL 0.6-m Table Mountain Observatory but multiple nights were also contributed by the Calar Alto 1.2-m and 2.2-m telescopes, as well as by the Purple Mountain 1-m Schmidt. Our results include a determination of rotation periods for 4 asteroids, identification of a binary candidate and four new V-type asteroids, including a confirmation of two main-belt V-type asteroids beyond the Jupiter 1:3 resonance (Cruikshank, D.P., Tholen, D.J., Bell, J.F., Hartmann, W.K., Brown, R.H. [1991]. Icarus 89, 1–13; Lazzaro, D. et al. [2000]. Science 288, 2033–2035; Roig, F., Gil-Hutton, R. [2006]. Icarus 183(2), 411–419; Moskovitz, N.A., Jedicke, R., Gaidos, E., Willman, M., Nesvorný, D., Fevig, R., Ivezić, Ž. [2008]. Icarus 198, 77–90). This latter finding supports the hypothesis that some vestoids may be crustal fragments of a disrupted basaltic parent body compositionally similar to 4 Vesta. We also obtained rotationally resolved medium resolution spectra of Vesta during the Dawn orbit insertion phase, which will be valuable for calibration and comparison of spacecraft data. Modeling of a composite V-type asteroid phase curve yielded a generic photometric model for V asteroids. We also find that a significant amount of the spectral diversity in the V class comes from changes in solar phase angle. A fit of a composite solar phase curve containing our vestoid observations, previously published groundbased observations of Vesta, and early disk-integrated Dawn observations show important differences with other asteroids. The macroscopic surface roughness of V-type asteroids is significantly larger than that of C-type or S-types (Helfenstein, P., Veverka, J. [1989]. Physical characterization of asteroid surfaces from photometric analysis. In: Binzel, R., Gehrels, T., Matthews, M.S. (Eds.), Asteroids II. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, pp. 557–593). This result is consistent with radar studies showing that igneous rocky asteroids – the E and V types – exhibit the largest surface roughness (Benner, L. et al. [2008]. Icarus 198, 294–304). The effects of what appears to be space weathering can be largely explained by phase reddening in our collection of V-type NEOs, but our finding that smaller vestoids, which have shorter lifetimes, are more similar to Vesta suggests that some type of alteration of the surface through time occurs. Our observations confirm that the south polar region of Vesta has a more diogenitic composition than its equatorial regions. The south pole, which is dominated by a large impact feature, thus may offer a view into the interior of Vesta. We derive a visible phase integral of 0.44 ± 0.02 and a corresponding Bond albedo of 0.15 ± 0.03 from our composite V-type asteroid solar phase curve.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/93852/
Document Type:Article
Title:Spectral diversity and photometric behavior of main-belt and near-Earth vestoids and (4) Vesta: A study in preparation for the Dawn encounter
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hicks, M.D.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CAUNSPECIFIED
Buratti, B.J.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CAUNSPECIFIED
Lawrence, K. J.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Inst. of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive 183-501, Pasadena, CA 91109, USAUNSPECIFIED
Hillier, J. K.Grays Harbor College, 1620 Edward P Smith Drive, Aberdeen, WA 98520-7599, USAUNSPECIFIED
Li, J. Y.University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USAUNSPECIFIED
Reddy, V.Department of Space Studies, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USAUNSPECIFIED
Schröder, S.E.stefanus.schroeder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Nathues, A.Max-Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Hoffmann, M.Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research , Katlenburg-Lindau, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Le Corre, L.Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max-Planck-Str. 2, Katlenburg-Lindau, 37191, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Duffard, R.Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia, CSIC, C/Bajo de Huetor, 50, Granada 18008, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Zhao, H.-B.Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Raymond, C.A.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109-8099, USAUNSPECIFIED
Russell, C.T.Institute of Geophysics, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095UNSPECIFIED
Roatsch, Thomasthomas.roatsch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Jaumann, R.ralf.jaumann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rhoades, H.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Inst. of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive 183-501, Pasadena, CA 91109, USAUNSPECIFIED
Mayes, D.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Inst. of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive 183-501, Pasadena, CA 91109, USAUNSPECIFIED
Barajas, T.California State University Los Angeles, State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USAUNSPECIFIED
Truong, T.-T.California State University Los Angeles, State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USAUNSPECIFIED
Foster, J.California State University Los Angeles, State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USAUNSPECIFIED
McAuley, A.California State University Los Angeles, State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032, USAUNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Icarus
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:235
DOI :10.1016/j.icarus.2013.11.011
Page Range:pp. 60-74
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0019-1035
Status:Published
Keywords:Asteroid Vesta; Near-Earth objects; Photometry; Spectroscopy
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt DAWN
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geology
Deposited By: Krohn, Dr.rer.nat Katrin
Deposited On:18 Dec 2014 11:20
Last Modified:10 Jan 2019 15:54

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