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Development of in-situ Space Debris Detector, Advances in Space Research

Bauer, Waldemar and Romberg, Oliver and Wiedemann, Carsten and Drolshagen, Gerhard and Vörsmann, Peter (2014) Development of in-situ Space Debris Detector, Advances in Space Research. Advances in Space Research, 54 (9), pp. 1858-1869. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2014.07.035 ISSN 0273-1177

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273117714004918

Abstract

Due to high relative velocities, collisions of spacecraft in orbit with Space Debris (SD) or Micrometeoroids (MM) can lead to payload degradation, anomalies as well as failures in spacecraft operation, or even loss of mission. Flux models and impact risk assessment tools, such as MASTER (Meteoroid and Space Debris Terrestrial Environment Reference) or ORDEM (Orbital Debris Engineering Model), and ESABASE2 or BUMPER II are used to analyse mission risk associated with these hazards. Validation of flux models is based on measured data. Currently, as most of the SD and MM objects are too small (millimeter down to micron sized) for ground-based observations (e.g. radar, optical), the only available data for model validation is based upon retrieved hardware investigations e.g. Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF), Hubble Space Telescope (HST), European Retrievable Carrier (EURECA). Since existing data sets are insufficient, further in-situ experimental investigation of the SD and MM populations are required. This paper provides an overview and assessment of existing and planned SD and MM impact detectors. The detection area of the described detectors is too small to adequately provide the missing data sets. Therefore an innovative detection concept is proposed that utilises existing spacecraft components for detection purposes. In general, solar panels of a spacecraft provide a large area that can be utilised for in-situ impact detection. By using this method on several spacecraft in different orbits the detection area can be increased significantly and allow the detection of SD and MM objects with diameters as low as 100 lm. The design of the detector is based on damage equations from HST and EURECA solar panels. An extensive investigation of those panels was performed by ESA and is summarized within this paper. Furthermore, an estimate of the expected sensitivity of the patented detector concept as well as examples for its implementation into large and small spacecraft are presented.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/93475/
Document Type:Article
Title:Development of in-situ Space Debris Detector, Advances in Space Research
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Bauer, WaldemarDLRUNSPECIFIED
Romberg, OliverDLRUNSPECIFIED
Wiedemann, CarstenInstitue of Aerospace Systems, Technische Universität BraunschweigUNSPECIFIED
Drolshagen, GerhardSpace Environments and Effects Section, European Space AgencyUNSPECIFIED
Vörsmann, PeterInstitue of Aerospace Systems, Technische Universität BraunschweigUNSPECIFIED
Date:August 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:54
DOI :10.1016/j.asr.2014.07.035
Page Range:pp. 1858-1869
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0273-1177
Status:Published
Keywords:space debris, solar panels, SOLID, in-situ detection
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Aufbau und Aktualisierung eines DLR-Katalogs für Raumfahrtrückstande (Space Debris)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systemanalyse Raumsegmente
Deposited By: Bauer, Waldemar
Deposited On:11 Dec 2014 11:56
Last Modified:10 Jan 2019 15:53

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