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Review and analysis of plant growth chambers and greenhouse modules for space

Zabel, Paul and Bamsey, Matthew and Schubert, Daniel and Tajmar, Martin (2014) Review and analysis of plant growth chambers and greenhouse modules for space. 44th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 13.-17. Jul. 2014, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

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Abstract

The cultivation of higher plants occupies an essential role within bio-regenerative life support systems. It contributes to all major functional aspects by closing the different loops in a habitat like food production, CO2 reduction, O2 production, waste recycling and water management. Fresh crops are also expected to have a positive impact on crew psychological health. Plant material was first launched into orbit on unmanned vehicles as early as the 1960s. Since then, more than a dozen different plant cultivation experiments have been flown on crewed vehicles beginning with the launch of Oasis 1, in 1971. Continuous subsystem improvements and increasing knowledge of plant response to the spaceflight environment has led to the design of VEGGIE and the Advanced Plant Habitat, the latest in the series of plant growth chambers. The paper reviews the different designs and technological solutions implemented in higher plant flight experiments. They are analyzed with respect to their functional (e.g. illumination source, grow medium), operational (e.g. illumination period, air temperature) and performance parameters (e.g. growth area, biomass output per square meter). Using these analyses a comprehensive comparison is compiled to illustrate the development trends of controlled environment agriculture technologies in bio-regenerative life support systems, enabling future human long-duration missions into the solar system.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/93373/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Review and analysis of plant growth chambers and greenhouse modules for space
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Zabel, PaulPaul.zabel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bamsey, MatthewDLRUNSPECIFIED
Schubert, DanielDLRUNSPECIFIED
Tajmar, MartinTU DresdenUNSPECIFIED
Date:14 July 2014
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
In DOAJ:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Controlled environment agriculture, plant cultivation in space, review, summary
Event Title:44th International Conference on Environmental Systems
Event Location:Tucson, Arizona, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:13.-17. Jul. 2014
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt :envihab, R - Projekt Post-ISS
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Systemanalyse Raumsegmente
Deposited By: Zabel, Paul
Deposited On:11 Dec 2014 11:22
Last Modified:11 Dec 2014 11:22

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