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Representativity of Active Lidar Measurements of Methane, and Implications for Validation Strategies

Marshall, Julia and Beck, V. and Kiemle, Christoph and Fix, Andreas (2014) Representativity of Active Lidar Measurements of Methane, and Implications for Validation Strategies. In: International Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Measurements from Space, 10. 10th International Workshop on, 5.‐7. Mai 2014, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.

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Official URL: http://www.congrexprojects.com/2014-events/14c02/introduction

Abstract

The planned joint French‐German satellite mission MERLIN aims to measure columnintegrated atmospheric methane abundances using a spaceborne Integrated Path Differential Absorption (IPDA) lidar. The very small measurement footprint of the single shot measurements (~150 m) means that the sensor will be able to make measurements even in the presence of broken clouds. In order to attain the targeted measurement precision, many measurements, spaced roughly 600 m apart, will be averaged along a measurement path of approximately 50 km, resulting in a measurement footprint of 150 m by 50 km. This presents some unusual challenges for the validation of the measurement, particularly over regions with a great deal of heterogeneity in the sources. Furthermore, the planned dawn‐dusk orbit results in significant time offsets with measurements from the TCCON network, particularly in the winter and at higher latitudes, as the FTS measurements require a clear line‐of‐sight to the sun. In order to address the representativity of various in‐situ and ground‐based remote sensing measurement systems with respect to the MERLIN measurement, a series of mesoscale tracer transport simulations at resolutions of up to 2 km have been sub‐sampled in order to produce satellite pseudo‐data. These pseudo‐measurements are then compared to pseudo‐data created with sampling consistent with ground‐based remote sensing (TCCON‐like), routine profile measurement made by passenger aircraft (IAGOS‐like), balloon‐based profile measurements (AirCore‐like), and sampling consistent with a dedicated validation campaign. Results from mesoscale simulations over Europe, as well as regions of Western Siberia and the Amazon with significant wetland and biomass burning fluxes are considered in the study. The appropriateness of each type of measurement system for the validation of MERLIN measurements is assessed, including the length of time that would be required to develop sufficient coincidences in space and time to achieve a statistically significant comparison. Optimal strategies for dedicated validation campaigns are discussed. Finally, the results are upscaled globally, based on process‐based flux maps and heterogeneity observed in simulations of XCH4 using a global atmospheric tracer transport model. Comparisons to results for XCO2 are also presented.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/92937/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Representativity of Active Lidar Measurements of Methane, and Implications for Validation Strategies
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Marshall, JuliaMPI BGC, JenaUNSPECIFIED
Beck, V.MPI BGC, JenaUNSPECIFIED
Kiemle, ChristophDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Fix, AndreasDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Date:May 2014
Journal or Publication Title:International Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Measurements from Space
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:10
Status:Published
Keywords:Methane, satellite, greenhouse gas, validation,
Event Title:10th International Workshop on
Event Location:Noordwijk, The Netherlands
Event Type:Workshop
Event Dates:5.‐7. Mai 2014
Organizer:ESA Conference Bureau
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben LIDAR-Forschung und -Entwicklung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Fix, Dr.rer.nat. Andreas
Deposited On:02 Dec 2014 11:27
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:50

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