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Tailoring nanostructured catalysts for electrochemical energy conversion systems

Gago, Aldo and Habrioux, Aurelien and Alonso-Vante, Nicolas (2012) Tailoring nanostructured catalysts for electrochemical energy conversion systems. Nanotechnology Reviews, 1 (5), pp. 427-453. de Gruyter. ISSN 2191-9089

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ntrev-2012-0013

Abstract

This review covers topics related to the synthesis of nanoparticles, the anodic and cathodic electrochemical reactions and low temperature electrochemical energy devices. The thermodynamic aspects of nucleation and growth of nanoparticles are discussed. Different methods of chemical synthesis such as w/o microemulsion, Bönnemann, polyol and carbonyl are presented. How the electrochemical reactions take place on the surface of the catalytic nanoparticles and the importance of the substrate is put in evidence. The use of nanomaterials in low temperature energy devices such as H2/O2 polymer electrolyte or proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and micro-direct methanol fuel cell (μDMFC), as well as recent progress and durability, is discussed. Special attention is given to the novel laminar flow fuel cell (LFFC). This review starts with the genesis of catalytic nanoparticles, continues with the surface electrochemical reactions that occur on them, and finally it discusses their application in electrochemical energy devices such as low temperature fuel cells or Li-air batteries.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/92697/
Document Type:Article
Title:Tailoring nanostructured catalysts for electrochemical energy conversion systems
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Gago, Aldoaldo.gago (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Habrioux, AurelienIC2MP UMR-CNRS 7285, University of Poitiers, 4 rue Michel Brunet, B27-BP633, 86022, Poitiers, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Alonso-Vante, NicolasIC2MP UMR-CNRS 7285, University of Poitiers, 4 rue Michel Brunet, B27-BP633, 86022, Poitiers, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Date:9 October 2012
Journal or Publication Title:Nanotechnology Reviews
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:1
Page Range:pp. 427-453
Publisher:de Gruyter
ISSN:2191-9089
Status:Published
Keywords:electrochemistry; laminar flow fuel cell (LFFC); Li-air battery; micro-direct methanol fuel cell (μDMFC); nanoparticles; nucleation; proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC); synthesis
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion and Use (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel Cells (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Processes (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics
Deposited By: Gago, Aldo
Deposited On:01 Dec 2014 15:29
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:49

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