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Measuring thermoelectric transport properties of materials

Borup, Kasper A. and de Boor, Johannes and Wang, Heng and Drymiotis, Fivos and Gascoin, Franck and Shi, Xun and Shen, Lidong and Fedorov, Michail I. and Müller, Eckhard and Iversen, Bo B. and Snyder, G. Jeffrey (2014) Measuring thermoelectric transport properties of materials. Energy & Environmental Science. Royal Society of Chemistry. DOI: 10.1039/C4EE01320D ISSN 1754-5692

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Abstract

In this review we discuss considerations regarding the common techniques used for measuring thermoelectric transport properties necessary for calculating the thermoelectric figure of merit, zT. Advice for improving the data quality in Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity (from flash diffusivity and heat capacity) measurements are given together with methods for identifying possible erroneous data. Measurement of the Hall coefficient and calculation of the charge carrier concentration and mobility is also included due to its importance for understanding materials. It is not intended to be a complete record or comparison of all the different techniques employed in thermoelectrics. Rather, by providing an overview of common techniques and their inherent difficulties it is an aid to new researchers or students in the field. The focus is mainly on high temperature measurements but low temperature techniques are also briefly discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/92621/
Document Type:Article
Title:Measuring thermoelectric transport properties of materials
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Borup, Kasper A.Center for Materials Crystallography, Department of Chemistry and iNANO, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus, DenmarkUNSPECIFIED
de Boor, JohannesGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Materials Research, Köln, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Wang, HengMaterials Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Drymiotis, FivosMaterials Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USAUNSPECIFIED
Gascoin, FranckLaboratoire CRISMAT UMR 6508 CNRS ENSICAEN, 14050 Caen Cedex 04, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Shi, XunState Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Shen, LidongState Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Fedorov, Michail I.Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, St Petersburg 194021, Russian Federation and ITMO University, Saint Petersburg, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Müller, EckhardGerman Aerospace Center, Institute of Materials Research, Köln, Germany and Justus Liebig University Giessen, Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, 35392 Giessen, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Iversen, Bo B.Center for Materials Crystallography, Department of Chemistry and iNANO, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus, DenmarkUNSPECIFIED
Snyder, G. JeffreyMaterials Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA and ITMO University, Saint Petersburg, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Date:23 September 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Energy & Environmental Science
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1039/C4EE01320D
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:1754-5692
Status:Published
Keywords:measurement thermoelectric properties
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Fahrzeugenergiesystem III (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Thermoelectric Materials and Systems
Deposited By: Zabrocki, Dr. Knud
Deposited On:01 Dec 2014 10:08
Last Modified:01 Dec 2014 10:08

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