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Influence of Satellite Imaging Geometry on ASTER and SRTM Global Digital Elevation Models

Foumelis, M. and Chalkias, C. and Plank, Simon (2015) Influence of Satellite Imaging Geometry on ASTER and SRTM Global Digital Elevation Models. 10th International Congress of the Hellenic Geographical Society, 22.-24. Okt. 2014, Thessaloniki, Griechenland.

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In this paper we assess the accuracy of height estimates from ASTER and SRTM missions, investigating the spatial distribution of their deviations from a reference height dataset derived from topographic maps. The analysis is performed over the hydrological basin of the Xerias River located at the northeastern part of Peloponnesus. The selected area exhibits complex terrain allowing for the detailed evaluation of the influence of local topography on the satellite height estimates. The aim was to identify regions where deviations exist, recognize potential spatial patterns and understand whether they are controlled by specific morphological parameters. The investigation included geostatistical analysis of height differences with respect to parameters such as elevation, slope gradient, slope aspect and morphological units. Regression analysis results showed both systematic and non-systematic trends. For ASTER the deviations are limited to a global shift, while of importance is the positive correlation between the spatial distributions of the observed deviations with aspect for the SRTM model. Further analysis included simulation of the SRTM imaging geometry to support further understanding of the observed height deviation. It was verified that the sign and magnitude as well as the location of the deviations are related to the methods of height extraction from space-borne systems, being more pronounce in the SRTM model as a result of the side looking configuration of SAR sensor. These findings underline that the source of deviations in satellite derived height models should not be attributed fully to local morphological characteristics since the satellite imaging is contributing as well, paving the way for more robust corrections and adequate utilizations the data space-borne height models.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/92419/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Influence of Satellite Imaging Geometry on ASTER and SRTM Global Digital Elevation Models
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:ASTER, SRTM, Height Deviations, Spatial Patterns, SAR Imaging Simulation, GIS Geostatistical Analysis
Event Title:10th International Congress of the Hellenic Geographical Society
Event Location:Thessaloniki, Griechenland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:22.-24. Okt. 2014
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Earth Observation
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Zivile Kriseninformation und Georisiken (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Geo Risks and Civil Security
Deposited By: Plank, Simon Manuel
Deposited On:26 Nov 2014 16:08
Last Modified:23 Nov 2015 10:09

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