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Effects of Environmental and Aircraft Parameters on Wake Vortex Behavior

Holzäpfel, Frank (2014) Effects of Environmental and Aircraft Parameters on Wake Vortex Behavior. Journal of Aircraft, 51 (5), pp. 1490-1500. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). doi: 10.2514/1.c032366. ISSN 0021-8669.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/1.c032366


This study investigates the impact of meteorological parameters (crosswind, headwind, wind shear, thermal stratification, turbulent kinetic energy, dissipation rate, and density) and aircraft parameters (position, heading, speed, weight, span, and spanwise load factor) on wake-vortex behavior. Typical measurement uncertainties of these parameters, on one hand, and the range in which they typically reside, on the other hand, are mapped on variations of lateral and vertical position and lifetime of the wake vortices. For this mapping process, the deterministic two-phase wake-vortex model is employed, complemented by some simple considerations, dimensional analysis, and sources from literature. Three scenarios comprising cruise conditions, flight within the atmospheric boundary layer, and ground proximity are considered. From these investigations, the following ranking of the impact parameters has been deduced: wind, thermal stratification, turbulence, position, mass, and spanwise load factor. The relevance of the remaining parameters appears small.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/92211/
Document Type:Article
Title:Effects of Environmental and Aircraft Parameters on Wake Vortex Behavior
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Aircraft
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.2514/1.c032366
Page Range:pp. 1490-1500
Publisher:American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)
Keywords:wake vortices, atmospheric boundary layer, ground proximity
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Climate, Weather and Environment (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Transport Meteorology
Deposited By: Ziegele, Brigitte
Deposited On:21 Nov 2014 10:39
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:41

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