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Comparative Studies of Conductive Nanostructures and Activation Properties in Solid Polymer Electrolytes

Friedrich, K. Andreas and Hiesgen, Renate and Morawietz, Tobias (2014) Comparative Studies of Conductive Nanostructures and Activation Properties in Solid Polymer Electrolytes. 15th ISE Topical Meeting, 27. Apr. - 30. Apr. 2014, Niagara Falls, Canada.

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Abstract

Solid polymer electrolytes are a key component in fuel cell as ion conducting barrier between the two electrochemical reactive electrodes and their conductivity significantly determines the performance of the cells. The conductivity of the electrolyte membranes is typically based on a nanoscale phase separation that results in an ionic conductive network and a stabilizing matrix. In sulfonated ionomers the sulfonic acid groups are solvated and a hydrophilic proton conducting aqueous ionic phase is formed in a self-assembling process upon solidification of the membrane. The hydrophobic polymer back-bones which may be perfluorinated as in case of Nafion-type molecules or aromatic as in case of multi-block copolymers provide mechanical stabilization. Consequently, the membrane properties at or close to the surface may differ from the bulk of the membrane and its structure and conductivity are crucial as interface between membrane and electrode/catalyst. Different types of sulfonated membranes, perfluorinated Nafion® (long-side chain molecules) and Aquivion® (short side chain molecules) membranes, and aromatic multiblock copolymer membrane named JST (JSR Corp., Japan) have been investigated. Beside the investigation of surfaces freshly cut cross section from Nafion and Aquivion samples have been examined. For analysis material-sensitive and conducting atomic force microscopy was used to map local adhesion forces, stiffness, deformation, conductivity and surface potential with nanoscale resolution. The following issues will be addressed: 1. Change of the conductivity upon current flow. 2. Size and distribution of conductive area at the surface for various membranes. 3. Existence and thickness of a surface layer for different membranes. 4. Difference in membranes structure close to the surface. 5. Ionic structure of the bulk for Nafion® and Aquivion®.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/92085/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Comparative Studies of Conductive Nanostructures and Activation Properties in Solid Polymer Electrolytes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Friedrich, K. Andreasandreas.friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hiesgen, Renaterenate.hiesgen (at) hs-esslingen.deUNSPECIFIED
Morawietz, TobiasHochschule EsslingenUNSPECIFIED
Date:28 April 2014
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Polymer membrane, Nafion, conductivity
Event Title:15th ISE Topical Meeting
Event Location:Niagara Falls, Canada
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:27. Apr. - 30. Apr. 2014
Organizer:International Society of Electrochemistry
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion and Use (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel Cells (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Processes (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Friedrich, Prof.Dr. Kaspar Andreas
Deposited On:19 Nov 2014 15:18
Last Modified:19 Nov 2014 15:18

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