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Synthetic enstatite for the comparison with ground-based and VIRTIS-M/ROSETTA reflectance spectra of asteroid 2867 Steins in the VIS and IR

Markus, Kathrin and Arnold, Gabriele and Hiesinger, H. and Rohrbach, Arno and Capaccioni, F. and Filacchione, G. and Tosi, F. and De Sanctis, M.C. and Capria, M. T. and Ammannito, E. and Erard, S. (2014) Synthetic enstatite for the comparison with ground-based and VIRTIS-M/ROSETTA reflectance spectra of asteroid 2867 Steins in the VIS and IR. In: Geophysical Research Abstracts, 16, p. 13341. EGU General Assembly 2014, 27. April - 02. May 2014, Vienna, Austria.

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Official URL: http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2014/EGU2014-13341.pdf

Abstract

Asteroid 2867 Steins was observed by the Rosetta spacecraft on September 5, 2008. During this close encounter, the VIRTIS spectrometer (Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer) aboard Rosetta acquired spectra of Steins in the wavelength range from 0.2 mum to 5 mum. We compare ground-based VIS and NIR reflectance spectra of Steins with reflectance spectra obtained by OSIRIS (Optical, Spectrocopic and Infrared Remote Imaging System) and VIRTIS-M during the fly-by and with laboratory reflectance spectra of enstatite chondrites (aubrites) and minerals (enstatite, oldhamite, albite). Ground-based and fly-by observations show an overall flat spectrum with the typical E[II]-type absorptions bands at 0.49 mum and ~0.9 mum. E-type asteroids have been associated to aubrites due to their high reflectance and overall featureless spectrum. The lack of absorption bands at 1 mum and 2 mum indicates that Steins' surface has no Fe-bearing pyroxenes or olivines. It is well known that even small amount of Fe in enstatite lead to prominent absorption features in the IR at 1 mum and 2 mum. Terrestrial samples of enstatite usually contain several mol% of FeO and therefore exhibit the absorption features. Pure enstatite is extremely rare. A sample of enstatite with 2.5 mol% of FeO already shows distinct absorptions features at 1 mum and 2 mum. To have available sufficient amounts of pure enstatite for our spectral studies, we developed a technique for synthesis of enstatite. Enstatite has 3 stable polymorphs with clinoenstatite, orthoenstatite, and protoenstatite being stable at low (600° C), and high (>1000° C) temperatures. Orthoenstatite and protoenstatite are orthorhombic, while clinoenstatite is monoclinic. Orthoenstatite is abundant in terrestrial rocks and in meteorites. Clinoenstatite is known from meteorites. Shear deformation and quenching of orthoenstatite or protoenstatite induces inversion to clinoenstatite. Clinoenstatite in enstatite chondrites and aubrites formed presumably by crystallization from a melt and subsequent quenching and mechanical deformation (brecciation). We synthesized powders of orthoenstatite and clinoenstatite. Following the synthesis we used XRPD to discriminate between the polymorphs. The grain sizes of the samples were determined using SEM pictures of the samples and are comparable to the <25 mum sieving fractions of our terrestrial samples with some additional larger grains. The orthoenstatite sample is slightly coarser than the clinoenstatite sample. We collected reflectance spectra of both enstatite samples and mixtures of orthoenstatite and synthetic oldhamite and some mixtures with additional terrestrial albite. Our spectral measurements of our enstatite samples show no absorptions features at 1 mum and 2 mum. The spectra are flat and featureless in the VIS and IR. We compare the spectra of our orthoenstatite and clinoenstatite to spectra of a synthetic enstatite by Klima et al. (2007), terrestrial enstatite, the aubrite Peña Blanca Spring, and spectra of Šteins.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/92046/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Synthetic enstatite for the comparison with ground-based and VIRTIS-M/ROSETTA reflectance spectra of asteroid 2867 Steins in the VIS and IR
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Markus, KathrinWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität MünsterUNSPECIFIED
Arnold, GabrieleGabriele.Arnold (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hiesinger, H.Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität MünsterUNSPECIFIED
Rohrbach, ArnoWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität MünsterUNSPECIFIED
Capaccioni, F.INAF-IASF, italyUNSPECIFIED
Filacchione, G.INAF-IASF, Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Tosi, F.INAF-IASF Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Roma ItalyUNSPECIFIED
De Sanctis, M.C.Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Rome, Italy.UNSPECIFIED
Capria, M. T.Instituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Roma, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Ammannito, E.INAF, Istituto di Fisica Dello Spazio Interplanetario, Roma, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Erard, S.LESIAUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 May 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Geophysical Research Abstracts
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:16
Page Range:p. 13341
Status:Published
Keywords:VIRTIS, Rosetta, Steins, synthetic enstatite
Event Title:EGU General Assembly 2014
Event Location:Vienna, Austria
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:27. April - 02. May 2014
Organizer:European Geosciences Union
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ROSETTA Instrumente
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research
Deposited By: Kappel, David
Deposited On:19 Nov 2014 08:27
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:49

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