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The composition and thermal properties of the nucleus and coma of the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko as seen by VIRTIS, the infrared and thermal imaging spectrometer on-board the Rosetta/ESA probe

Capaccioni, F. and Filacchione, G. and Erard, S. and Arnold, Gabriele and VIRTIS, Science Team (2014) The composition and thermal properties of the nucleus and coma of the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko as seen by VIRTIS, the infrared and thermal imaging spectrometer on-board the Rosetta/ESA probe. In: Geophysical Research Abstracts, 16, p. 9211. EGU General Assembly 2014, 27. April - 02. May 2014, Vienna, Austria.

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Official URL: http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2014/EGU2014-9211.pdf

Abstract

VIRTIS (Visible Infrared and Thermal Imaging Spectrometer) is the spectrometer onboard the Rosetta/ESA mission. VIRTIS is a dual channel instrument, covering the 250nm - 5000nm spectral range, and is composed of: a) a high resolution point spectrometer (spectral range 2-5 µm and a resolution of 3000 at 3µm), without imaging capabilities and mainly devoted to the detailed study of the composition of the cometary coma, and b) a hyperspectral imager which will provide complete coverage of the cometary nucleus (with a maximum resolution of 2.5m) determining its composition and surface thermal properties. The Rosetta probe will accompany the comet 67P/CG throughout its voyage in the inner solar system from 3.5AU through perihelion and after. During this time the Rosetta probe will have the opportunity, in the early phases of the mission, to explore the cometary nucleus. With the substantial contribution of VIRTIS, Rosetta will allow to determine the nature of the solids on the surface (composition of ices, dust and characterisation of organic compounds), to determine the energy balance in the uppermost layers of the nucleus and thus study how a cometary nucleus works. Later on, closer to the Sun, the scientific activity will focus on the monitoring of the surface evolution due to sublimation and erosion, on the study of the outgassing activity and of the dynamics of the jets and outbursts, on the determination of the abundance and the spatial distribution of the gaseous species present in the coma, on the analysis of those species capable of describing the cometary nucleus formation environment. The presentation will provide an overview of the scientific tasks of the VIRTIS experiment and a description of its operations.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/92044/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The composition and thermal properties of the nucleus and coma of the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko as seen by VIRTIS, the infrared and thermal imaging spectrometer on-board the Rosetta/ESA probe
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Capaccioni, F.INAF-IASF, italyUNSPECIFIED
Filacchione, G.INAF-IASF, Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Erard, S.LESIAUNSPECIFIED
Arnold, GabrieleGabriele.Arnold (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
VIRTIS, Science TeamUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:1 May 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Geophysical Research Abstracts
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:16
Page Range:p. 9211
Status:Published
Keywords:VIRTIS, Rosetta, Comet, Thermal
Event Title:EGU General Assembly 2014
Event Location:Vienna, Austria
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:27. April - 02. May 2014
Organizer:European Geosciences Union
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ROSETTA Instrumente
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research
Deposited By: Kappel, David
Deposited On:19 Nov 2014 08:26
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:49

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