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Calibration Methods for Rotating Shadowband Irradiometers - Comparison to Calibration of Thermopile Sensors and Evaluation of Calibration Duration

Jessen, Wilko (2014) Calibration Methods for Rotating Shadowband Irradiometers - Comparison to Calibration of Thermopile Sensors and Evaluation of Calibration Duration. Bachelor's, Beuth Hochschule für Technik Berlin.

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Abstract

Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) projects require accurate assessment and monitoring of the available direct beam resource. To this end, ground measurements on site are inexpendable. Pyrheliometers with thermopile sensors as speci�ed in [ISO 9060] are the standard instruments for �eld measurements of direct beam irradiance. During long-term deployment however, their comparatively high accuracy can only be maintained if the window through which the direct beam enters the instrument is cleaned frequently [Geuder a. Quaschning, 2006]. In the case of long-term solar resource assessments on site this can pose a problem in terms of logistics and maintenance costs. This is particularly relevant, if the measuring site is in a remote location. Rotating Shadowband Irradiometers (RSI) on the other hand have a lower accuracy to start with due to systematic errors of its photodiode sensor. However, they are less a�ected by soiling [Geuder a. Quaschning, 2006] and provide higher accuracy in long-term measuring campaigns at sites where cleaning is not possible on a daily basis. Furthermore, they are comparatively inexpensive and do not require as much additional equipment i.e. a tracking system. A solar panel is su�cient for power supply. The systematic errors of the sensor used in RSIs are caused by cosine and temperature e�ects and its spectral non-uniform responsivity. A number of correction functions can be employed to reduce these errors signi�cantly. Additionally, a thorough calibration of the sensor with application of the correction functions can further improve the quality of measurements. The calibration procedures of thermopile pyranometers and pyrheliometers are well documented in standards such as [ISO 9059], [ISO 9846] and [ISO 9847]. Because these standards are not applicable to RSIs due to their inherent characteristics speci�c calibration procedures for this type of instrument were developed by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum f�ur Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., DLR). This work shall discuss the di�erences between calibration procedures for thermopile irradiometers and RSI and aspects which can be transferred from the existing standards to RSI calibration. Calibration methods developed by DLR have been successfully employed for a number of years. However, a thorough assessment of the necessary calibration duration with multiple measurements from several instruments has not been carried out before this thesis. Therefore, besides the comparison of calibration methods this work examines to which extend the RSI calibration results actuate in dependence on the duration of the calibration measuring period and furthermore provide a basis on which to choose the most suitable duration.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/91726/
Document Type:Thesis (Bachelor's)
Title:Calibration Methods for Rotating Shadowband Irradiometers - Comparison to Calibration of Thermopile Sensors and Evaluation of Calibration Duration
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Jessen, WilkoDLR-SF-QLFUNSPECIFIED
Date:3 November 2014
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:96
Status:Published
Keywords:rotating shadowbankd irradiometers, (rsi) calibration, thermopile, pyranometer, pyrheliometer
Institution:Beuth Hochschule für Technik Berlin
Department:Fachbereich VIII Maschinenbau
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Systems (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Qualification (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Qualifizierung
Deposited By: Kruschinski, Anja
Deposited On:10 Nov 2014 15:33
Last Modified:10 Nov 2014 15:33

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