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Cobalt oxide-based foams for thermochemical solar energy storage

Agrafiotis, Christos and Roeb, Martin and Sattler, Christian (2014) Cobalt oxide-based foams for thermochemical solar energy storage. CellMat 2014, 22.-24. Okt. 2014, Dresden, Deutschland.

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Official URL: http://www.dgm.de/dgm/cellmat/

Abstract

Thermochemical Storage (TCS) of solar energy exploits the heat effects of reversible chemical reactions. Solar heat produced during on-sun operation of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants is used to power an endothermic chemical reaction; if this reaction is completely reversible the thermal energy can be entirely recovered by the reverse reaction during off-sun operation. Among such possible reversible gas-solid chemical reactions, the utilization of a pair of reduction-oxidation (redox) reactions of solid oxides of multivalent metals can be directly coupled to CSP plants employing air as the heat transfer fluid. The concept of employing for this application ceramic foam structures made partially or entirely from the redox oxide materials has been set forth and implemented. The proposed concept combines the demonstrated capabilities of oxide redox pair materials for thermochemical cycling with the inherent heat transfer characteristics of foam structures and promotes them one step further to the development of an integrated receiver/reactor/heat exchanger configuration with enhanced heat storage characteristics. Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis experiments demonstrated that the redox pair of cobalt oxides Co3O4/CoO can operate in a completely reversible, cyclic redox mode within the temperature range 800-1000oC. In this respect at first Co3O4-coated ceramic foams were prepared and subsequently, promoting this idea one step further, the manufacture of ceramic foams entirely from Co3O4 was attempted successfully. Both Co3O4-coated, as well as foams made entirely of Co3O4 demonstrated cyclic, long-term redox operation, exploiting the entire amount of Co3O4 employed. However, such structures are subjected to “chemically”-induced stresses due to the expansion-contraction of the cobalt oxide lattice during oxygen release/uptake. Design issues concern optimizing their structure and density to maximize redox performance maintaining simultaneously their structural integrity. The results are used for the manufacture of such pilot-scale foam-based reactors/heat exchangers for testing on a solar simulator facility.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/91685/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Cobalt oxide-based foams for thermochemical solar energy storage
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Agrafiotis, Christoschristos.agrafiotis (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Roeb, MartinMartin.roeb (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Sattler, Christianchristian.sattler (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:22 October 2014
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Cobaltoxide heat storage solar thermal
Event Title:CellMat 2014
Event Location:Dresden, Deutschland
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:22.-24. Okt. 2014
Organizer:Deutsche Gesellschaft für materialkunde
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Systems (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Solar Process Technology (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Solare Verfahrenstechnik
Deposited By: Sattler, Prof. Dr. Christian
Deposited On:10 Nov 2014 15:19
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:48

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