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Role of African protected areas in maintaining connectivity for large mammals

Wegmann, Martin and Santini, Luca and Leutner, Benjamin and Safi, Kamran and Rocchini, Duccio and Bevanda, Mirjana and Latifi, Hooman and Dech, Stefan and Rondinini, Carlo (2014) Role of African protected areas in maintaining connectivity for large mammals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 369 (1643), pp. 1-8. Royal Society Publishing. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0193 ISSN 0962-8436

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2013.0193

Abstract

The African protected area (PA) network has the potential to act as a set of functionally interconnected patches that conserve meta-populations of mammal species, but individual PAs are vulnerable to habitat change which may disrupt connectivity and increase extinction risk. Individual PAs have different roles inmaintaining connectivity, depending on their size and location. We measured their contribution to network connectivity (irreplaceability) for carnivores and ungulates and combined it with a measure of vulnerability based on a 30-year trend in remotely sensed vegetation cover (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index). Highly irreplaceable PAs occurred mainly in southern and eastern Africa. Vegetation cover change was generally faster outside than inside PAs and particularly so in southernAfrica. The extent of change increased with the distance from PAs. About 5% of highly irreplaceable PAs experienced a faster vegetation cover loss than their surroundings, thus requiring particular conservation attention. Our analysis identified PAs at risk whose isolationwould disrupt the connectivity of the PA network for large mammals. This is an example of how ecological spatial modelling can be combined with large-scale remote sensing data to investigate how land cover change may affect ecological processes and species conservation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/91665/
Document Type:Article
Title:Role of African protected areas in maintaining connectivity for large mammals
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Wegmann, Martinmartin.wegmann (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Santini, LucaUniversity of RomeUNSPECIFIED
Leutner, Benjaminbenjamin.leutner (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Safi, KamranMax Planck Institute for Ornithologe, Radolfzell, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Rocchini, DuccioResearch and Innovation Centre, San Michele all'Adige, Trentino, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Bevanda, MirjanaBayCEER, University of BayreuthUNSPECIFIED
Latifi, Hoomanhooman.latifi (at) uni-wuerzburg.deUNSPECIFIED
Dech, Stefanstefan.dech (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Rondinini, CarloUniversity of Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Date:14 April 2014
Journal or Publication Title:Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:369
DOI :10.1098/rstb.2013.0193
Page Range:pp. 1-8
Publisher:Royal Society Publishing
ISSN:0962-8436
Status:Published
Keywords:AVHRR, GIMMS, Conservation, Dispersal, NDVI, Protected Area Network
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center
German Remote Sensing Data Center > Leitungsbereich DFD
Deposited By: Wöhrl, Monika
Deposited On:12 Dec 2014 14:51
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:21

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