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Solar energy - Concentrating Solar Power

Pitz-Paal, Robert (2014) Solar energy - Concentrating Solar Power. In: Future Energy - Improved, Sustainable and Clean Options for our Planet Elesevier. pp. 405-431. ISBN 978-0-08-099424-6.

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Official URL: https://www.elsevier.com/books/future-energy/letcher/978-0-08-054808-1


Concentrating solar power (CSP) is a complementary technology to the solar photovoltaic (PV) process. It uses concentrating collectors to provide high temperature heat to a conventional power cycle. Efficient and low-cost thermal energy storage technologies can be integrated into CSP systems, allowing electricity production according to the demand profile. CSP systems can also avoid “shadow plant capacity” needed to secure generation capacity in periods without sunshine or wind, can provide grid services, and if desired even black start capabilities. It thus supports the penetration of a high share of intermittent renewable sources like wind or PV and avoids a high share of expensive electric storage technology in the grid systems. The first commercial implementation of CSP technology began in 2007 in Spain and the US. Today, a capacity of 3 GW is in operation and another 2 GW are under construction worldwide. Further developments, in particular in the Middle East and North Africa but also in South Africa, India and China, are under consideration.. This chapter summarizes the principle, the technical requirements and the different technological concepts of CSP systems. It briefly reports on the state of the art of today’s solar power plants including the current cost of solar electricity. In addition, the most relevant aspects for future cost reductions are highlighted. Furthermore, the worldwide potential impact of this technology, to 2050, is discussed, together with comments on the option of high voltage direct current transmission allowing electricity to be transported from countries in the sunbelt to densely populated areas in developed countries. Finally, the option the production of solar fuel in solar high temperature processes is discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/91308/
Document Type:Book Section
Title:Solar energy - Concentrating Solar Power
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Pitz-Paal, Robertrobert.pitz-paal (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Future Energy - Improved, Sustainable and Clean Options for our Planet
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 405-431
Letcher, Trevor M.trevor@letcher.eclipse.co.uk
Keywords:Solar Power, Thermal Energy Storage, Parabolic Trough, Linear Fresnel, Solar Tower, Dish Stirling, Desertec, Solar Fuels
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:Concentrating Solar Systems (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E SF - Solar research
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Point-Focusing Systems (old), E - Line-Focusing Systems (old), E - Qualification (old), E - Solar Process Technology (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Solar Research > Leitungsbereich SF KP
Deposited By: Pitz-Paal, Robert
Deposited On:27 Oct 2014 15:52
Last Modified:27 Oct 2014 15:52

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